0087

Caravaggio, Boy Bitten by a Lizard, 1594–96, oil on canvas. Fondazione di Studi di Storia dell’Arte Roberto Longhi, Florence

FORT WORTH, TX.- Caravaggio and His Followers in Rome opens October 16, 2011, at the Kimbell Art Museum, its only U.S. venue. Electrifying in his originality, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571–1610) was a controversial genius whose short life was rife with conflict and who, in just the last half-­‐century, has reemerged as one of the most celebrated artists of all time. “Caravaggiomania,” as described in a 2010 article in Art in America, has resulted in an extensive array of films, books, and commercial products that bear his name and images.

“Before Caravaggio’s paintings were inspiring filmmakers and adorning wine bottles and jars of pasta sauce,” commented Eric M. Lee, director of the Kimbell Art Museum, “they were emulated and studied by his contemporaries. ‘Caravaggiomania’ was born in the 17th century, when patrons and artists alike became captivated by the emotional drama and approachable realism in his paintings. This exhibition is a rare opportunity to view some of Caravaggio’s greatest works alongside those of influential Baroque painters who imitated his style.”

Shown only in Ottawa and Fort Worth and organized by the National Gallery of Canada and the Kimbell, Caravaggio and His Followers in Rome explores the profound influence that the artist had on some of the greatest masters of European Baroque art. The exhibition brings together 10 of Caravaggio’s most celebrated paintings alongside more than 40 others that they inspired, including works by Orazio Gentileschi, Bartolomeo Manfredi, Jusepe de Ribera, Georges de La Tour, Valentin de Boulogne, Simon Vouet, Gerrit van Honthorst, Hendrick ter Brugghen, and Peter Paul Rubens—artists whose imaginations were indelibly impressed by Caravaggio’s sense of drama, monumentality, and humanity. It is the second largest display of Caravaggio’s paintings ever showcased in the U.S. Only the 1985 Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition showed more works by Caravaggio, and since then numerous important discoveries have been made, including the Kimbell’s Cardsharps, which was discovered in a European private collection in 1987.

Not since Michelangelo or Raphael had one artist affected so many of his contemporaries and so irrevocably changed the course of European painting. Caravaggio created a new kind of art: dramatic, deeply emotional, grounded in the vivid details of everyday life, and overwhelmingly human. He used live models, sometimes prostitutes and the very poor, who posed in the studio for his powerful religious scenes as if the events were happening on the streets of Rome. Breaking the boundaries between art and life, he overturned the artistic conventions of the day. He played down details of the setting of a scene, focused on the expressive human figure, and invented a brand of stark realism that shocked many of his patrons.

Trained in the realistic traditions and culture of religious reform of his native Lombardy in the north of Italy, the young Caravaggio settled in Rome in 1592. After a few years of struggle and poverty, he attracted the attention of some of the most prominent patrons in the city, securing prestigious commissions that quickly earned him fame. Artists and connoisseurs alike were drawn to his extraordinary talent. He remained in Rome until 1606, when he was forced to flee after killing a rival. It was but the most extreme manifestation of his volatile and violent personality. Moving between Naples, Malta, and Sicily, he continued to paint profoundly moving canvases until his tragic early death in 1610, at the age of 38. The 400th anniversary of his death, in 2010, drew the attention of global audiences, with exhibitions in Italy that reconfirmed his legacy and the remarkable power of his art.

This exhibition will show how artists working in Rome in the first three decades of the 17th century—depending on talent and temperament, cultural background and artistic formation—explored different aspects of Caravaggio’s art. Like him, they often painted figures at close vantage point with strong lights and deep shadows in a dark, indeterminate setting to create a poetic or dramatic mood. Many artists emulated his working method, painting without working out the composition beforehand in a series of drawings. Some were attracted to Caravaggio for a relatively brief period before they developed their own distinctive styles; others may be considered followers in the more traditional sense.

The exhibition explores the full range of Caravaggio’s work: from the theatrical and worldly to the deeply spiritual, from the poetic and lyrical to the highly dramatic. It brings out both his virtuoso technique and the radical new ways in which he could conceive a given subject. The exhibition will focus on several themes—early youths and musicians, fortune tellers, cardsharps and tavern scenes, individual saints and religious
compositions—revealing how Caravaggio’s example inspired other artists both to reinterpret standard subjects and to tackle unusual ones. In every section Caravaggio will be juxtaposed with a specifically chosen group of painters, inviting the viewer to discover and explore a wide range of artistic dialogues.

The lending museums include the Louvre, Paris; the Uffizi, Florence; the Vatican Museums, Vatican City; the Prado Museum, Madrid; the National Gallery, London; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the National Gallery of Art, Washington; and other major collections throughout Europe and North America.

91

Bartolomeo Cavarozzi (Italian, 1587–1625), The Sorrows of Aminta, c. 1625. Oil on canvas, 39 3/8 x 47 1/4 in. (100 x 120 cm). Musée du Louvre, Paris. Gift of Paul Jamot, 1937

91_1

Theodoor Rombouts (Flemish, 1597–1637), A Lute Player, c. 1620. Oil on canvas, 43 7/8 x 39 1/4 in. (111.1 x 99.7 cm). Philadelphia Museum of Art. John G. Johnson Collection, 1917

93

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (Italian, 1571–1610), The Musicians, c. 1595. Oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 46 5/8 in. (92.1 x 118.4 cm). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Rogers Fund, 1952

93_1

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (Italian, 1571–1610), The Gypsy Fortune Teller, c. 1595. Oil on canvas, 45 1/4 x 59 in. (115 x 150 cm). Pinacoteca Capitolina, Musei Capitolini, Rome

00120m

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (Italian, 1571–1610), The Cardsharps, c. 1595. Oil on canvas, 37 1/8 x 51 5/8 in. (94.2 x 130.9 cm) . Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth

00130m

Valentin de Boulogne (French, 1591–1632), Fortune Teller with Soldiers, c. 1620. Oil on canvas, 58 7/8 x 93 7/8 in. (149.5 x 238.5 cm). Toledo Museum of Art. Purchased with funds from the Libbey Endowment. Gift of Edward Drummond Libbey

00150m

Simon Vouet (French, 1590–1649), The Fortune Teller, c. 1620. Oil on canvas, 47 1/4 x 67 in. (120 x 170.2 cm). National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Purchased 1957

00190m

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (Italian, 1571–1610), Saint John the Baptist in the Wilderness, 1604–5. Oil on canvas, 68 x 52 in. (172.7 x 132.1 cm). The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri. Purchase William Rockhill Nelson Trust

00210m

Jusepe de Ribera (Spanish, 1591–1652), Saints Peter and Paul, c. 1616. Oil on canvas, 49 5/8 x 44 1/8 in. (126 x 112 cm). Musée des Beaux-Arts, Strasbourg

00300m

Orazio Gentileschi (Italian, 1563–1639), Saint Francis in Ecstasy, c. 1607. Oil on canvas, 49 5/8 x 38 5/8 in. (126 x 98 cm). Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid

00380m

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (Italian, 1571–1610), Saint Francis in Ecstasy, c. 1594–95. Oil on canvas, 36 3/8 x 50 1/4 in. (92.4 x 127.6 cm). Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut. The Ella Gallup Sumner and Mary Catlin Sumner Collection Fund

0088

Caravaggio, Martha and Mary Magdalene, c. 1598, oil and tempera on canvas. Detroit Institute of Arts. Gift of the Kresge Foundation and Mrs. Edsel B. Ford.

00390m

Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, 1577–1640), The Entombment, c. 1612–14. Oil on panel, 34 3/4 x 26 1/8 in. (88.3 x 66.5 cm). National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Purchased 1956

00400m

Bartolomeo Manfredi (Italian, 1582–1622), David and Goliath (The Triumph of David), c. 1615. Oil on canvas, 50 3/8 x 38 1/4 in. (128 x 97 cm). Musée du Louvre, Paris. Acquired in 1990

00410m

Bartolomeo Manfredi (Italian, 1582–1622), David and Goliath (The Triumph of David), c. 1615. Oil on canvas, 50 3/8 x 38 1/4 in. (128 x 97 cm). Musée du Louvre, Paris. Acquired in 1990

0089

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Sick Bacchus, 1593–94, oil on canvas. Galleria Borghese, Rome