Pectoral Cross, 16th century, crystal, 13.5 x 7.5 x 1 cm, MNMC 1359, Museu Nacional Machado de Castro.

This unique cross is a genuine symbol of episcopal eminence. Rectilinear in shape, it is made of crystal entirely cut into diamond point facets on the back, the front and along the edges. In 1717, the Bishop of Coimbra, D. António de Vasconcelos e Sousa, was buried with this pectoral cross.