Lot 711. A polychrome-decorated Cizhou deep bowl, Jin dynasty (1115-1234);7 ½ in. (19.2 cm.) diam. Estimate USD 8,000 - USD 12,000. Price realised USD 13,750. © Christie's Image Ltd 2016
The bowl has deep rounded sides supported on a slightly splayed foot. The interior is decoreted in red and green overglaze enamels with a single peony spray and leaves in the center encircled by five bands in red, all against a creamy-white slip, which also covers the exterior. A clear glaze covers the slip stopping above the foot, exposing the biscuit body which has burnt orange in the firing, Japanese wood box
Provenance: Sen Shu Tey, Tokyo.
Literature: The Japan Ceramic Society, Soji meihin ten: Tei gama, Jishu gama (Exhibition of the Masterpieces of Song Ceramics: Ding and Cizhou Wares), Tokyo, 1962, cover and no. 47.
Sen Shu Tey, The Collection of Chinese Art - Special Exhibition ‘Run Through 10 Years’, Tokyo, 2006, p. 73, no. 100.
Christie’s, The Classical Age of Chinese Ceramics: An Exhibition of Song Treasures from the Linyushanren Collection, Hong Kong, 2012, pp. 144-145, no. 60.
Exhibited: The Japan Ceramic Society, Tokyo, Soji meihin ten: Tei gama, Jishu gama (Exhibition of the Masterpieces of Song Ceramics: Ding and Cizhou Wares), 1962.
Sen Shu Tey, The Collection of Chinese Art - Special Exhibition ‘Run Through 10 Years’, Tokyo, 2006.
Christie’s, The Classical Age of Chinese Ceramics: An Exhibition of Song Treasures from the Linyushanren Collection, Hong Kong, 22 to 27 November 2012; New York, 15 to 20 March 2013; London, 10 to 14 May 2013.
Note: This beautiful polychrome floral bowl was one of the first purchases made by the current owner of the Linyushanren Collection. The exquisite quality of the bowl inspired him to further his knowledge and to create his own comprehensive collection of Song ceramics.
First appearing in the late 12th to early 13th century, Cizhou polychrome decoration represents the earliest overglaze enamelling in Chinese ceramic history. This technique entails two firings. On pieces like the present bowl, a milky-white slip was applied to the clay body and a colorless transparent glaze was applied over the top and then fired. Lead-fluxed overglaze enamels were applied to the surface of the fired glaze and the vessel was fired a second time at a lower temperature. The Chinese term for Cizhou polychrome wares, honglü cai, is derived from the most popular overglaze colors in the Cizhou palette: red and green.
Popular decorative themes on Cizhou polychrome bowls include floral patterns and aquatic scenes. A similar Cizhou polychrome floral bowl in the Tokyo National Museum is registered in Japan as an Important Art Object, and is illustrated in Oriental Ceramics: the World’s Great Collections, vol. 1: Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo, 1982, no. 103. Other similar examples include the bowl illustrated by T. Mikami, Sekai toji zenshu, vol. 13, Tokyo, 1981, p. 242, no. 271, and three Cizhou polychrome bowls formerly in the Ataka Collection, illustrated in Masterpieces of Old Chinese Ceramics from Ataka Collection, Osaka, 1972, nos. 40,41, and 43.
Christie's. The Classic Age of Chinese Ceramics: The Linyushanren Collection, Part II. 15 September 2016, New York, Rockefeller Plaza