A large Longquan celadon-glazed carved barbed-rim dish, Early 15th century

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Lot 13. A large Longquan celadon-glazed carved barbed-rim dish, Early 15th century; 44cm (17 3/8in) diamEstimate £30,000 - 50,000 (€33,000 - 56,000). © Bonhams.

The body with lobed rounded sides rising from a short tapered foot to a broad everted barbed rim, finely carved on the interior with a double-line medallion enclosing a large gnarled pine tree in a rocky landscape, the lobed cavetto with panels of alternating floral sprigs mirrored on the exterior, the wide rim further incised with a floral scroll, covered overall with a sea-green glaze except for an unglazed ring under the base left in the biscuit and burnt orange. 

Provenance: Bluett & Sons Ltd., London (label)

NoteThe present dish, although made in Longquan, closely follows in form and decoration blue and white porcelain produced in Jingdezhen at the same time. See for example J.A.Pope, Chinese Porcelains from the Ardebil Shrine, London, 1981, pl.43; and see also Gugong bowuyuan: Ming chu qinghua ci, Beijing, 2002, pl.40. 

Compare with a very similar dish illustrated by R.Krahl, Chinese Ceramics in the Topkapi Saray Museum Istanbul: (I) Yuan and Ming Dynasty Celadon Wares, London, 1986, p.228, pl.239.

A similar large celadon barbed-rim dish was sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong on 8 October 2013, lot 221; see also another dish but with a peony design, sold at Christie's Hong Kong on 3 June 2015, lot 3216.

A large Longquan celadon barbed-rim dish, early Ming dynasty

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Lot 221. large Longquan celadon barbed-rim dish, early Ming dynasty; 44 cm., 17 3/8  inEstimate 500,000 — 700,000 HKD. Lot sold 2,680,000 HKD at Sotheby's Hong Kong on 8 October 2013. © Sotheby's.

the stoutly potted body with lobed rounded sides rising from a short tapered foot to a broad everted barbed rim, finely carved on the interior with a double-line medallion enclosing a large leafy blossoming tree peony, encircled in the lobed cavetto by panels of alternating floral sprigs, the wide barbed rim further incised with a floral band, the exterior carved with lingzhi sprays, applied overall with an attractive even olive-green glaze save for an unglazed ring under the base left in the biscuit and burnt orange during firing.

Provenance: The Royal Mughal Household since 1657 (by repute).
Collection of Dr. Bellerby.
Sotheby's London, 13th November 2002, lot 112.

Note: This dish is a fine representative of the Longquan kiln's production during the early fifteenth century when large quantities of wares were made for the Middle Eastern market. In its size and decoration it closely follows early Ming blue and white porcelains produced at Jingdezhen. Dishes of this type were greatly prized not only for their attractive robust potting and large size but also because it was believed that the glaze colour would change if poisonous food was served on them. 

A closely related dish in the former collection of the Ottoman sultans in Turkey, is illustrated in Regina Krahl, Chinese Ceramics in the Topkapi Saray MuseumIstanbul, vol. 1, London, 1986, pl. 235; and another from the collection of J. Pierpont Morgan was sold in these rooms, 31st October 1995, lot 348. Compare dishes of this type decorated with flowering peonies in the centre, such as a slightly larger example sold in our London rooms, 13th July 2005, lot 195; and another from the collection of Mathias Komor, sold at Christie's New York, 20th September 2001, lot 122.

The Persian inscription states that this dish was a gift to the Royal Mughal Household, and refers to an inventory conducted in November/December 1657. The date falls into the reign of Shah Jahan (r. 1628-1657), one of the greatest patrons of the arts in the Mughal empire (1527-1707) and builder of the most famous Mughal monument, the Taj Mahal.

A large Longquan celadon 'peony' barbed-rim dish, Yongle period (1403-1425)

Lot 3216. A large Longquan celadon 'peony' barbed-rim dish, Yongle period (1403-1425). Price Realised HKD 2,440,000 (USD 316,029) at Christie's Hong Kong on 3 June 2015. © Christie's Images Ltd 2015.

The dish is carved to the interior with two leafy peony stems encircled around the lobed rim with vertically arranged fruit-laden branches including peach, pomegranate and grapes below the everted rim, the exterior is further carved with upright lingzhi sprays below foliate sprays to the underside of the rim. The dish is covered with an even celadon glaze with the exception of the unglazed ring on the underside of the base. 18 1/2 in. (47 cm.) diam. 

Provenance: T. T. Tsui Collection, Hong Kong
Sold at Sotheby's London, 5 November 2008, lot 391 

Note/ Two similar dishes are illustrated by R. Krahl, Chinese Ceramics in the Topkapi Saray Museum, vol. 1, Istanbul, 1986, pls. 234 and 235.

The design on the current dish is closely related to that found on blue and white dishes of this period, such as the example in the National Palace Museum, illustrated in Blue-and-White Ware of the Ming Dynasty, Hong Kong, 1963, pl. 24. 

Bonhams. FINE CHINESE ART, 10 november 2016, 10:30 GMT, LONDON, NEW BOND STREET