Katharine Augusta Carl (1865–1938) in Chinese dress

The sister of Francis A. Carl, who worked for Sir Robert Hart at the Imperial Chinese Maritime Customs Service, was an American painter and author who spent nine months in China in 1903 painting a portrait of the Empress Dowager Cixi for the St. Louis Exposition. On her return to America, she published a book about her experience, titled "With the Empress Dowager". Carl died in 1938 in New York.