Funerary bust with bilingual inscription, "Marcus Julius Maximus Aristeides, colonist of Berytus," Palmyrene, anonymous maker, 150–250 CE. Limestone. 56 x 47 x 27 cm. Musée du Louvre, Paris, AO 1556. Photo: Hervé Lewandowski. © RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY
Typical of funerary busts from Palmyra, this figure exhibits a hybrid style with realistically carved features influenced by Roman portraiture, although the incised eyebrows arching above distinctive, off-center eyes held in a fixed gaze probably originated from the East. The bilingual Palmyrene and Greek inscriptions chiseled above his shoulders identify the figure as "Marcus Julius Maximus Aristeides" and connect him to Berytus (modern-day Beirut).