18 avril 2017

Four rhinoceros horn libation cups from the Robert Everts Collection

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Robert Everts (1875-1942)

Robert Everts (1875-1942), served as the Belgian Ambassadorial Envoy to Beijing from 1910 – 1916 and again 1920 – 1924. Other diplomatic posts included Mexico 1902 – 1906, Germany and finally as the Ambassador to Spain, 1932 – 1938, before he retired to Brussels.

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The following four rhinoceros horn libation cups were acquired by Everts during his diplomatic postings to Beijing.

A rhinoceros horn 'peach and chilong' libation cup, 17th18th century

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Lot 305. A rhinoceros horn 'peach and chilong' libation cup, 17th-18th century, 12.5cm (4 3/4in) wide. Estimate £8,000 - 12,000 (€9,500 - 14,000). Photo: Bonhams.

The exterior carved in high relief as a peach with gnarled branches issuing flowers and fruits entwined to form the openwork foot, all issuing from a long stalk and an elongated thread-shaped leaf forming the handles, perched by a chilong clambering on the edge of the cup.

Provenance:  Robert Everts (1875-1942), Belgian Ambassadorial Envoy to Beijing from 1910 to 1916 and again from 1920 to 1924, and thence by descent.

NoteCompare with a related rhinoceros horn carving of a peach, but without chilong, illustrated by J.Chapman, The Art of Rhinoceros Horn Carving in China, London, 1999, p.174, no.227.

A related rhinoceros horn libation cup with chilong and peaches, 17th/18th century, was sold at Christie's New York, 17 September 2008, lot 106.

An archaistic rhinoceros horn libation cup, 18th century

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Lot 306. An archaistic rhinoceros horn libation cup, 18th century, 10cm (4in) wide. Estimate £20,000 - 30,000 (€24,000 - 36,000). Photo: Bonhams.

Ingeniously carved with six stylised lotus petals forming the body, each enclosing a pair of confronted archaistic chilong on a dense ground of key-frets, above stiff leaves on the recessed foot, the openwork handle intricately formed with clusters of scrolling tendrils interspersed with lotus blossoms.

Provenance:  Robert Everts (1875-1942), Belgian Ambassadorial Envoy to Beijing from 1910 to 1916 and again from 1920 to 1924, and thence by descent.

NoteThe design of archaistic scrolls around the exterior combined with floral handles is very rare. A rhinoceros horn libation cup, 18th century, of similar shape but with a design of lotus around the exterior and no handle is illustrated by T.Fok, Connoisseurship of Rhinoceros Horn Carving in China, Hong Kong, 1999, p.174, no.124. 

Compare with a related rhinoceros horn libation cup, 17th century, similarly carved in foliate form decorated with archaistic motifs, which was sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 30 November 2011, lot 2910.

A rare archaistic rhinoceros horn libation cup, jue, 17th-18th century

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Lot 307. A rare archaistic rhinoceros horn libation cup, jue, 17th-18th century, 13.6cm (5 3/8in) wide. Estimate £20,000 - 30,000 (€24,000 - 36,000). Photo: Bonhams.

Carved in the form of an archaic bronze wine vessel, jue, the flaring lips flanked by two upright posts, carved in relief with three pairs of sinuous chilong in confrontation on a dense interlocking leiwen ground, separated by a small loop handle issued by two beast masks, raised on a U-shaped body with two lobed cartouches each enclosing a further chilong on waves, bordered by geometric bands

Provenance:  Robert Everts (1875-1942), Belgian Ambassadorial Envoy to Beijing from 1910 to 1916 and again from 1920 to 1924, and thence by descent.

NoteFor a related rhinoceros horn libation cup carved in imitation of Shang and Zhou dynasty wine vessels or jue, also decorated with a leiwen ground, mid-Qing dynasty, see The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Bamboo, Wood, Ivory, and Rhinoceros Horn Carvings, Beijing, 2001, pl.205; another example, late 17th century, is illustrated by T.Fok in Connoisseurship of Rhinoceros Horn Carving in China, Hong Kong, 1999, no.8.

Compare with a similar archaistic rhinoceros horn libation cup, jue, 17th/18th century, but with longer feet, which was sold in these rooms, 10 November 2011, lot 437.

A rhinoceros horn 'prunus' libation cup, 17th-18th century

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Lot 308. A rhinoceros horn 'prunus' libation cup, 17th-18th century, 12cm (4 3/4in) wideEstimate £8,000 - 12,000 (€9,500 - 14,000). Photo: Bonhams.

Intricately carved to the exterior of the tree trunk with entwining twigs around the exterior bearing delicate prunus blossoms and flower buds, all issued from a gnarled tree branch detailed with burls forming the handle.

Provenance:  Robert Everts (1875-1942), Belgian Ambassadorial Envoy to Beijing from 1910 to 1916 and again from 1920 to 1924, and thence by descent.

NoteCompare with a similar rhinoceros horn 'prunus' libation cup, illustrated by J.Chapman, The Art of Rhinoceros Horn Carving in China, London, 1999, p.169, no.214.

Bonhams. FINE CHINESE ART, 11 May 2017, 11:00 BST, LONDON, NEW BOND STREET


Commentaires sur Four rhinoceros horn libation cups from the Robert Everts Collection

  • Lot 305. Sold for £47,500 (€56,154)
    Lot 306. Unsold.
    Lot 307. Sold for £31,250 (€36,943)
    Lot 308. Sold for £53,750 (€63,543)

    Posté par Alain Truong, 14 mai 2017 à 12:26 | | Répondre
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