Vase, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279

Vase, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279. Stoneware, 20.0 × 10.6 cm diameter. Presented through The Art Foundation of Victoria, in memory of George Ewing by Mrs M. E. Cutten, Founder Benefactor, 1979AS26-1979. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Bulbous with trumpet shape mouth, dark brown/black gloss glaze. 

Bowl, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Jizhou, Jiangxi province

Bowl, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Jizhou, Jiangxi provinceJizhou ware7.2 × 18.1 cm diameter. Presented by Yamanaka & Co. Ltd, 1939, 4650-D3© National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Interior black with five brown, painted in ink and brush on base (in Chinese characters) Shou

Dish, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Longquan ware

Dish, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Longquan ware, Zhejiang province, 3.9 × 13.1 × 13.5 cm. Bequest of Howard Spensley, 1939, 4393-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Squat with wide everted rim, interior bottom with moulded 'twin' fish, exterior sides with moulded petal motif. Translucent olive green glaze, thinning on raised areas. 

Bowl, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Fujian province

Bowl, Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Fujian province. Stoneware, 7.4 × 12.2 cm diameter. Gift of J. T. Hackett, 1924, 2614-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Squat globular body with edged rim: cream with fine brown crackling, body with band of five stylized flowers. 

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty 960 CE-1127, Qingbai ware

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty 960 CE-1127, Qingbai ware, Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province. Porcelain, 7.4 × 20.0 cm diameter. Gift of H. W. Kent, 1938, 3705-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Interior incised peony motif. Pale blue/green transparent glaze. 

Bowl in a sagger, Northern Song dynasty 960 CE-1127, Jun ware

Bowl in a sagger, Northern Song dynasty 960 CE-1127, Jun ware, Henan province. Stoneware, 7.7 × 16.3 cm diameterFelton Bequest, 1947, 610-D4. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Cylindrical saggar with rounded bottom. Bowl with thick opaque pale blue/green glaze, broken rim, adhered to interior of saggar. 

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty 960 CE-1127, Qingbai ware 2

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Qingbai ware, Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province, , 5.7 × 19.4 cm diameter. Felton Bequest, 1939, 3912-D3 . © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With everted foliate rim, interior incised with stylized peony and scrolling foliage. Transparent pale blue glaze thinning at rim. 

Mallet vase, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Longquan ware

Mallet vase, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Longquan ware, Longquan, Zhejiang province, 5.7 × 19.4 cm diameter. Gift of H. W. Kent, 1938, 3694-D3 © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Bowl, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Jian ware

Bowl, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Jian ware, Fujian province, 3.7 × 11.5 cm diameterBequest of Howard Spensley, 1939, 3912-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Shallow bowl with thick sides: black on brown glaze mottled with streaking at rim. 

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Fujian province. Stoneware, 8.2 × 18.8 cm diameter. Purchased, 1973, AS67-1973. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With slightly everted rim: incised with central spiral spokes motif, sides with three stylized lotus flowers and leaf. Transparent olive green glaze. 

Tea bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Jizhou ware

Tea bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Jizhou ware, Jiangxi province. Stoneware, 6.1 × 11.5 cm diameter. Presented through The Art Foundation of Victoria, in memory of George Ewing by Mrs M. E. Cutten, Founder Benefactor, 1979, AS20-1979. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Buff with mottled brown/cream (Hare's fur) glaze, 3 black medallions. 

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware, Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province. Porcelain, 5.8 × 19.8 cm diameter. Presented through The Art Foundation of Victoria by Mrs M. E. Cutten, Founder Benefactor, in memory of George Ewing, 1979, AS25-1979. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With wide flared sides, interior incised with stylized scrolling foliage motif, transparent pale blue glaze 

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Fujian province

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Fujian province. Stoneware, 8.3 × 12.7 cm diameter.Felton Bequest, 1921, 2106-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Underglazed brown slip on cream slip on cream body. Squat globular, wide mouth with slightly raised rim: cream with fine brown crackling, rim band of stylized leaf motif, dark brown interior. Chipping at rim. 

Wine ever, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware

Wine ever, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware, Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province. Porcelain, 10.0 × 11.0 × 9.0 cm. Felton Bequest, 1939, 3913-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Globular lobed body, cylindrical neck with two small loops at base, out curving rim, with spout and ribbed handle. Transparent pale blue glaze. 

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Ding-type ware

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Ding-type ware, Hebei province. Felton Bequest, 1947, 611-D4. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

With everted edged rim, milky white glaze, circle of oval stilt marks on bottom of interior, 8.6 × 20.9 × 21.2 cm. 

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, stoneware, pigment

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, stoneware, pigment, 13.2 × 14.3 cm diameter. Bequest of Howard Spensley, 1939, 4368-D3© National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Ovoid, cylindrical mouth with double handles: translucent olive green glaze fine brown crackling. 

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, stoneware

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, stoneware, 8.5 × 7.6 cm diameter. Bequest of Howard Spensley, 1939, 4297-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Globular body, rounded shoulders, wide cylindrical neck with everted rim, two lug handles at neck. 

Covered jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279

Covered jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, stoneware, pigment, (a-b) 11.0 × 7.7 cm diameter (overall). Bequest of Leonard B. Cox, 1976, AS72.a-b-1976. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Ovoid body narrowing to slightly flared foot and cylindrical in curving neck. Lid with wide rim, conical with spiral and a flattened top. Translucent blue/grey glaze with fine brown crackling.  

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware 2

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware, Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province. Porcelain, 6.3 × 18.6 cm diameter. Bequest of Leonard B. Cox, 1976, AS74-1976. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With wide flared sides, incised central motif of two fish and undulating parallel lines water motif, sides divided into six panels by slightly raised ribs. Transparent pale blue glaze, unglazed rim.  

Tea bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Jian ware

Tea bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Jian ware, Jianyang, Fujian province. Stoneware, 6.5 × 16.0 cm diameter. Felton Bequest, 1939, 3905-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Reddish with black/brown running hare's fur glaze, incised on base (in Chinese characters).  

Incense burner, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longquan ware

Incense burner, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longquan wareLongquan, Zhejiang province, porcellaneous stoneware, 14.0 × 11.1 cm diameter. Felton Bequest, 1939, 4647-D3© National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Tripod, three lobe body, two loop handles at rim. Green celadon glaze. 

Tea bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Jian ware 2

Tea bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Jian ware, Jianyang, Fujian province. Stoneware, 6.2 × 11.4 × 11.9 cm, Bequest of Leonard B. Cox, 1976AS77-1976© National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Interior and exterior with thick opaque finely streaked running black and brown 'hares fur' glaze, with dark brown rim. 

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Ding ware

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Ding ware, Hebei province. Stoneware, 3.8 × 17.5 cm diameter, Felton Bequest, 1922, 611-D4. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Clear glaze on white body, with angled everted sides, rim bound in copper. Circle of five stilt marks on bottom of interior. 

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Shanxi province

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Shanxi province. Stoneware, 4.9 × 18.8 cm diameter. Felton Bequest, 19252754-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Dish with angled everted sides divided into six panels by shallow ridges, with four stilt marks on bottom of interior. 

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Cizhou ware

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Cizhou ware, Cizhou, Hebei province. Stoneware, 3.3 × 16.3 cm diameter. Bequest of Howard Spensley, 1939, 4272-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Shallow dish with cram interior and dark brown/black exterior, unglazed rim. 

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Jun ware

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Jun ware, Junzhou, Henan province. Stoneware, 7.9 × 18.4 cm diameterGift of H. W. Kent, 1938, 3707-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With upturned rim, with thick opaque matt pale blue/green glaze thinning to olive at rim. 

Dish, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longquan ware

Dish, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longquan ware, Longquan, Zhejiang province. Stoneware, 4.2 × 13.8 cm diameterBequest of Howard Spensley, 1939, 4267-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Shallow with angled sides and everted rim. Translucent light olive green glaze. 

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Ding type ware

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Ding type ware, Hebei province. Stoneware, 8.4 × 17.0 cm diameterFelton Bequest, 1956, 1672-D4. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With everted rim, milky white glaze. 

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Xing ware

Bowl, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Xing ware, Hebei province. Stoneware, 7.8 × 21.2 cm diameterBequest of Howard Spensley, 1939, 4335-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Bowl with everted rim, opaque cream/grey glaze, five stilt marks on bottom of interior. Brown staining in body. 

Dish, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longquan ware 2

Dish, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longquan ware, Longquan, Zhejiang province. Stoneware, 6.0 × 22.2 cm diameterPresented by Yamanaka & Co. Ltd, 1939, 4649-D3© National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

With wide everted rim: interior bottom with moulded 'twin' fish, exterior sides with moulded petal motif. Translucent olive green glaze thinning on raised areas. Cracks filled with gold lacquer. 

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Jun ware

Dish, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Jun ware, Henan province. Stoneware, 2.1 × 11.2 × 11.6 cmBequest of Leonard B. Cox, 1976, AS79-1976. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Shallow with everted rim, with thick opaque blue/grey glaze. 

Pot, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Henan ware

Pot, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Henan ware, Henan province. Stoneware, 8.3 × 15.3 cm diameter. Gift of J. T. Hackett, 19242566-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With everted rim: thick black glaze splashed with brown area running to halfway on exterior and at rim line on interior, rim carved flat and unglazed. 

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Northern ware

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Northern ware. Stoneware, 22.3 × 17.3 cm diameter. Felton Bequest, 19272796-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Ovoid narrowing to foot, double band at neck, double everted rimmed mouth: speckled dark green/brown 'tea dust' glaze, dark brown stylized foliage band at shoulders. Broken and repaired. 

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Henan ware

Jar, Song dynasty, 960 CE- 1279, Henan ware. Stoneware, 11.8 × 10.5 cm diameter. Bequest of Howard Spensley, 19394351-D3© National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Ovoid narrowing to foot, angled slightly rounded shoulder, wide mouth with everted rim: with lustrous brown glaze. 

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware 3

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware, Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province. Porcelain, 7.8 × 20.4 cm diameter. Presented through The Art Foundation of Victoria by Mrs M. E. Cutten, Founder Benefactor, in memory of George Ewing, 1979AS19-1979. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

With wide flared sides and slightly everted rim, interior sides incised with two stylized children and scrolling foliage/wing-like forms. Transparent pale green glaze.

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware 4

Bowl, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Qingbai ware, Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province. Porcelain6.7 × 19.9 cm diameterFelton Bequest, 19272794-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

With wide flared sides with everted rim, interior sides incised with three stylized lotus flower and leaves sprays tied with ribbon. Translucent pale blue/green glaze. 

Ewer, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Cizhou type

Ewer, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Cizhou type, Hebei province. Stoneware, 31.8 × 19.0 × 18.1 cmFelton Bequest, 1939, 3906-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Ovoid, slender neck, wide rim, handle and curved spout. White slip, clear glaze. 

Pottery mould, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Yaozhou

Pottery mould, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Yaozhou, Shaanxi province. Stoneware, 8.4 × 19.3 × 19.0 cmGift of Mr & Mrs Alfred Clark, 1939, 3915-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Headrest, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Cizhou ware

Headrest, Northern Song dynasty, 960 CE-1127, Cizhou ware, Cizhou, Hebei province. Stoneware, enamel, 17.1 × 31.7 × 25.7 cm. Presented by Yamanaka & Co. Ltd, 1939, 4648-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Incised (in Chinese characters) on base (made for Zhang family), incised and inscribed (in Chinese characters) in red enamel in rear (made for the palace). Concave 'leaf' shaped head rest on five sided block base, incised and coloured red and green peony with scrolling foliage motif and dotting, lower band of scrolling foliage and dotting, underside and foot with peony and scrolling foliage motif. 

Ceremonial jar and cover, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longguan ware

Ceremonial jar and cover, Southern Song dynasty, 1127-1279, Longguan ware, Longquan, Zhejiang province. Stoneware, (a-b) 25.3 × 12.5 × 12.3 cm (overall)Bequest of Howard Spensley, 19394330.a-b-D3.  © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne

Ovoid body with moulded petal forms, broad triple ribbed shoulder, cylindrical neck; shoulder and neck with high relief dragon, flaming pearl and phoenix/pheasant. Lid: broad undulating rim, domed with seated phoenix/pheasant. Translucent olive green glaze. Damage to beak and tail of bird on lid.

Funerary urn and cover (a pair), Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Qingbai ware

Funerary urn and cover (a pair), Song dynasty, 960 CE-1279, Qingbai ware. Stoneware, (a-b) 46.0 × 12.4 cm diameter (overall); (c-d) 47.5 × 12.1 cm diameter (overall)Gift of H. W. Kent, 1938, 3708.a-d-D3. © National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

One with elongated ovoid body with relief wavy shoulder band, long cylindrical neck with sculptural relief of band of standing figures against fish and scroll clouds on lower section and encircling dragon, flaming pearl, scroll clouds and small animal on upper section, with bulbous mouth. Three figures and cloud tips broken off. Lid: wide rimmed, rounded stepped conical form topped with seated bird on sphere, with three vertical scroll bands. Birds head broken off. Body fired to reddish brown. (c-d) The other with elongated ovoid body with relief wavy shoulder band, long cylindrical neck with sculptural relief of band of standing figures against fish and scroll clouds on lower section and encircling dragon, flaming pearl, scroll clouds and small animal on upper section, with bulbous mouth. Three figures. dragon claws, cloud tips broken off, rim chipped. Lid: wide rimmed rounded stepped conical form topped with seated bird on sphere, with three vertical scroll bands. Birds head broken off. Body fired to reddish brown.