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Hellenistic Life-size Bronze Head of a Man, 3rd-2nd century B.C.E. Bronze, H. 33.5 cm. © Miho Museum

The Hellenistic period saw the expansion of the Greek cultural realm to Africa and Asia, and during this period there was an interest in portrait sculpture of the great figures and kings of the past. The people of this day were interested in the expression of the refinement and virtues of these individuals. This life-size male head has traces which indicate the attachment of a crown or head decoration, and thus we can consider it part of a sculpture depicting a king. The figure's detailed hair sculpting and its relaxed face all conjure the image of a refined, thoughtful philosopher-king from Asia Minor.