Giovanni da Bologna (1524 / 1529-1608), Sculptor; Antonio Susini (-1624), Bronze caster; Adriaen de Vries (ca. 1550), sculptor, Sleeping nymph with satyr, Florence, before 1587. Bronze, black lacquered wooden base. H total 31.5 cm H without base 20.7 cm, W 34.0 cm; Base 10.8 x 17.7 x 31.8 cm. Green Vault, IX 34 © Dresden State Art Collections.

The group, which was interpreted as "Sleeping Venus" in the Baroque, picks up the theme of the little-dressed beauty that is overheard by a man while sleeping. Despite the common pictorial theme, the bronze group does not seem to have been conceived as a unit, as the nymph and faun were cast separately and formally differ significantly from each other: the faun is smaller proportioned, darker patinated and was subsequently bolted on the basis of the female figure. Since the group was created during the lifetime of Giambologna and arrived in 1587 as a gift from the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Francesco I de'Medici, to Christian I, it can be assumed that it was chiseled by the master himself. Giambologna orients herself to the figure of the nymph at the famous antiquity "Sleeping Ariadne" (Vatican City, Vatican Museums), which he might have met during his stay in Rome. Hardly overlooked are similarities to paintings of the "Sleeping Venus" by Giorgione and Titian. The Faun, on the other hand, seems originally to have been a movement study by Adriaen de Vries, a pupil of Giambologna. The figure evidently met with the applause of the master and was added to the "Sleeping Nymph" by Antonio Susini in an infusion.