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Harriet Hosmer, Daphne, 1853, marble, Purchased with funds provided by the Calvin and Marisa Allen Foundation, Anne Allen Cheatham, and Lizzie Cheatham McNairy and Charlie McNairy on behalf of the Matrons of the Arts Initiative, and by the bequest of Carlisle Adams. © 1999–2018 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc.

RALEIGH, NC.- The North Carolina Museum of Art announced a new initiative, Matrons of the Arts, which highlights female-identified artists in both the Museum’s permanent collection and around the world. Matrons of the Arts is a Museum-wide, ongoing project that presents programs, exhibitions, and acquisitions by and about women artists. Inspired in part by the name five women artists challenge put on by the National Museum of Women in the Arts—and playing off the phrase patron of the arts—this campaign seeks to bring the public’s attention to women who have been and continue to be major figures in the world of art. 

"Women artists historically have been underrepresented in most museums,” said Museum Director Lawrence J. Wheeler. “As the Museum continues to collect some of the best artists of our time—Mickalene Thomas, Louise Bourgeois, Helen Frankenthaler, Susan Rothenberg, Elizabeth Murray, Alison Saar, and many others—we hope to challenge and change this oversight, beginning at our own institution.” 

Matrons of the Arts will add new acquisitions to the Museum’s free permanent collection, host programs and events, and spotlight female artists through special exhibitions. The first purchase of the initiative is a bust of Daphne, created in 1853 by artist Harriet Hosmer, known as the first professional female sculptor in America and working at a time when women were often banned from even attending art classes. The bust’s new home is in the American Gallery. The NCMA is already home to several works by prominent female artists, including Georgia O’Keeffe’s Cebolla Church, 1945; Portrait of Madame X Dressed for the Matinee, 1878, by the renowned American impressionist Mary Cassatt; Elisabeth Vigée Lebrun’s portrait of Count Shuvalov, 1795–97; Louise Nevelson’s Black Zag CC, 1977; and important African ceramics created by women. 

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Georgia O’Keeffe, Cebolla Church, 1945. Oil and sand on canvas, 20 1/16 x 36 1/4 in. (51.0 x 92.1 cm), Gift of the North Carolina State Art Society (Robert F. Phifer Bequest), in honor of Joseph C. Sloane, G.72.18.1© 1999–2018 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc.

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Mary Stevenson Cassatt, Portrait of Madame X Dressed for the Matinee, 1878. Oil on canvas, 39 5/8 x 31 13/16 in. (100.6 x 80.8 cm). Gift of Charlotte Hanes in memory of her husband, R. Philip Hanes Jr., and gift of anonymous donors, 2013.9© 1999–2018 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc.

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Elisabeth Louise Vigée Lebrun, Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov (1727–1797), circa 1795–1797. Oil on canvas, 33 x 24 in. (83.8 x 61.0 cm). Purchased with funds from the State of North Carolina, 52.9.224. © 1999–2018 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc.

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Louise Nevelson, Black Zag CC, 1964–1971, final addition 1977. Painted wood construction with fabricated, found, and bought elements; wire and metal hardware; and Formica frame, 48 x 59 x 9 in. (121.9 x 149.9 x 22.9 cm). Purchased with funds from the National Endowment for the Arts and the North Carolina State Art Society (Robert F. Phifer Bequest), G.78.2.2. © 1999–2018 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc.

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Artist Unknown, Palm Wine Vessel with Spider Motif, circa 1975. Ceramic. H. 17 1/2 x Diam 16 in. (44.5 x 40.6 cm). Purchased with funds from the State of North Carolina, by exchange, 99.6.2. © 1999–2018 North Carolina Museum of Art Foundation, Inc.

Special programming and events will accompany the initiative, including a free January 28 Women in Art lecture with Bridget Quinn, author of Broad Strokes: 15 Women Who Made Art and Made History (In That Order). She’ll use the late Linda Nochlin’s revolutionary 1971 essay, “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists,” as a starting point of discussion. The lecture is sold out, but overflow seating is available.  

Traveling and temporary exhibitions will continue to highlight female artists, as seen in current Museum exhibitions like photographer Barbara Morgan’s Rhythmic Vitality and multimedia artist Sabine Gruffat’s A Kiss of the Earth video installation, along with weaver and textile artist Andrea Donnelly’s We’ve Met Before, closing January 28, 2018. The spring exhibition You Are Here: Light, Color, and Sound Experiences features several female artists, including Soo Sunny Park, Janet Cardiff, Anila Agha, and Durham artist Heather Gordon. The Museum will also host Candida Höfer’s architectural photography series from Mexico and an exhibition exploring Georgia O’Keeffe and contemporary art in October 2018.  

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Barbara Morgan, Martha Graham, “Celebration” (Trio), 1937, printed later, gelatin-silver print, 17 7/16 x 13 13/16 in., Gift of Richard and Lois Zakia, © Barbara and Willard Morgan photographs and papers, Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

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Sabine Gruffat, A Kiss of the Earth (still frame), 2014, three-channel interactive animation projection, dimensions variable, run time variable, Courtesy of the artist, © 2014 Sabine Gruffat

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Andrea Donnelly, Body Blot #1, 2011, handwoven cotton, dyed and painted, 77 x 108 in., North Carolina Museum of Art, Purchased with funds from the William R. Roberson Jr. and Frances M. Roberson Endowed Fund for North Carolina Art, © 2011 Andrea Donnelly

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Anila Agha, Intersections, 2013, laser-cut wood, lacquer paint, and light bulb, H. 78 x W. 78 x D. 78 in., Courtesy of the artist; Image © 2013 Rice Gallery, photo by Nash Baker

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Candida Höfer, Palacio de Bellas Artes Ciudad de México III, 2015, chromogenic print, 70 7/8 x 84 1/4 in., Courtesy of the artist, © 2017 Candida Höfer

We’re aiming to change the connotation of the word in the art world, elevating ‘matron’ to champion and leader. A matron is no longer a passive bystander but a fierce and powerful force,” said Associate Curator of Contemporary Art Jennifer Dasal. “By working together to make women a priority—and to get both women and men excited to do so—we can really bring about wonderful institutional change.”  

By telling the stories of female artists whose work is in the NCMA’s permanent collection, exhibiting and acquiring more work by important women artists, hosting special events featuring female artists and authors, and selling merchandise that promotes women’s significant contribution to the arts, the NCMA joins the international drive to achieve a more diverse representation of female artists in museums around the world.  

"Thanks to the initial funding generously provided by the Calvin and Marisa Allen Foundation, Anne Allen Cheatham, and Lizzie Cheatham McNairy and Charlie McNairy,” said Chief Curator Linda Dougherty, “the NCMA has been able to start this program with a significant acquisition, several lectures, and two exhibitions featuring women artists. And we have several more projects already in the works.” 

Created with input from NCMA curators; program directors; and Lizzie McNairy, a member of the Board of Trustees and Collections Committee, the campaign will be a continuous effort to spotlight female-identified artists.  

Throughout time, women have played an invaluable role in the arts as creators and as matrons,” said McNairy. “This is a museum that is committed to sharing the creative contributions of women in the arts, for the story of art is far richer when it is inclusive and diverse."

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Soo Sunny Park, Unwoven Light, 2013, brazed chain link fence, Plexiglas, natural and artificial light, dimensions variable; © 2017 installation view from Wright State University