A_finely_carved_rhinoceros_horn_libation_cup__17th_18th_century

Lot 144. A finely carved rhinoceros horn libation cup, 17th-18th century; 6 1/8 in. (15.5 cm.) long. Estimate USD 80,000 - USD 120,000Price realised USD 228,000© Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

The exterior finely carved and meticulously detailed with scholars and attendants in a wooded retreat, on one side a scholar is shown seated in front of a screen as he paints while watched by two other scholars and an attendant, with another attendant heating a pot of wine in the foreground, on the reverse a woman and an attendant carrying a lantern are seen on a bridge crossing the swirling waters of a stream, all surrounded by rock formations and trees, the branches of the two pine trees that form the handle at one end continuing over the rim atop clouds that trail towards rocks carved on the interior at the opposite end, of dark brownish-honey color, wood stand carved as a dragon.

Property from the Estate of Charles V. Swain.

A_well__carved_rhinoceros_horn__Lndscape__libation_cup__18th_century

Lot 143. A well- carved rhinoceros horn 'Landscape' libation cup, 18th century; 6 in. (15.3 cm.) longEstimate USD 15,000 - USD 25,000Price realised USD 72,000. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

The sides finely carved with an extensive river landscape, on one side figures are shown steering a sampan through wind-tossed waves while a scholar is seen walking across a bridge at the base, on the reverse another scholar is shown standing outside a walled compound, all surrounded by rock formations and trees and with three different trees, including a pine, forming the handle at one end, the boughs of the pine tree continuing over the rim, of deep honey color.

NoteThe scene depicted on the present cup is inspired by the 17th Century artist Wang Shiyi's landscape painting, Yueyang Daguantu, (Scene of Yueyang Pavilion).
A rhinoceros horn cup carved with the same scene is illustrated by T. Fok, Connoisseurship of Rhinoceros Horn Carving in China, Hong Kong, 1999, p. 205, no. 149. 

A_large_rhinoceros_horn__Grape_wine__libation_cup__17th_18th_century

Lot 154. A large rhinoceros horn 'Grape wine' libation cup, 17th-18th century; 7¼ in. (18.4 cm.) longEstimate USD 40,000 - USD 60,000Price realised USD 72,000. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

Of open blossom form, carved in high relief on the exterior with a fruit-laden grape vine which continues over the rim at the handle end opposite two budding branches on the interior at the other end, with a five-character inscription carved on the exterior, shading from dark, almost blackish brown at the rim to a deep honey color. 

Note: The inscription, Shi Ling zeng Song Cen, may be translated, 'Shi Ling's gift to Song Cen'. The inscription appears to have been added later when the cup was given as a gift.
Shi Ling is an art name of the artist Zhang Xianghe, who was active in the 18th century. Song Cen's dates are Jiaqing/Daoguang period.
A cup of similarly large size, also carved with abundantly laden grape vines, and carved in low relief with the carver's mark, Zizhen, in the collection of Mr. Franklin Chow, is illustrated by T. Fok, Connoisseurship of Rhinoceros Horn Carving in China, 1999, no. 107. 

Lot_153

Lot 153. An archaistic rhinoceros horn libation cup, 17th-18th century; 7 in. (17.5 cm.) longEstimate USD 8,000 - USD 12,000Price realised USD 54,000. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

The sides well carved in low relief with a band of archaistic motifs interrupted by three vertical notched flanges and by a strap handle entwined with two chilong clambering towards the rim which is carved with a band of key fret, with triple bow-string bands below the rim and encircling the foot, the horn of dark brown color.

Property from the Estate of Edith Altschul Graham.

A_rhinoceros_horn__Magnolia_blossom__libation_cup__17th_18th_century

Lot 145. A rhinoceros horn 'Magnolia blossom' libation cup, 17th-18th century; 5 in. (12.7 cm.) longEstimate USD 10,000 - USD 15,000Price realised USD 50,400. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

Well carved as a large magnolia blossom borne on a budding branch which bears two further blossoms on the sides and also forms the base, of rich honey color.

ProvenanceJ. J. Lally & Co., New York. 

A_rhinoceros_horn__Lotus_leaf__libation_cup__17th_18th_century

Lot 146. A rhinoceros horn 'Lotus leaf' libation cup, 17th-18th century; 5 1/8 in. (13 cm.) longEstimate USD 10,000 - USD 15,000Price realised USD 48,000. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

In the form of a large lotus leaf well carved in high relief and undercut around the sides with another furled leaf and heads of millet, all borne on stems tied with a ribbon to form the handle at one end, with a small snail on the rim and veins carved on the interior, of deep honey color shading to blackish brown.

ProvenanceCollection of Paul and Helen Bernat; Christie's, New York, 2 December 1993, lot 9. 

A_rhinoceros_horn_flower_form_libation_cup__18th_century

Lot 147. A rhinoceros horn flower-form libation cup, 18th century; 5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm.) longEstimate USD 20,000 - USD 30,000Price realised USD 48,000. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

In the form of a large blossom well carved in high relief around the sides with fivechilong clambering amidst blossoming and budding branches of tree peony and camellia, of mottled deep honey color.

Lot_152

Lot 152. A rhinoceros horn libation cup, 17th-18th century; 5 7/8 in. (15 cm.) longEstimate USD 15,000 - USD 18,000Price realised USD 45,600. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

The flared sides and foot divided into five lobes accentuated on the interior by five vertical ribs rising to a flat rim carved with a band of key fret, the exterior carved in high relief with branches of prunus blossoms extending on either side from the double branch handle, of dark brownish-honey color.

Property from the Estate of Charles V. Swain.

Lot_150

Lot 150. A rhinoceros horn libation cup, 17th-18th century; 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm.) longEstimate USD 8,000 - USD 12,000Price realised USD 36,000. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

The interior carved as an open hibiscus blossom with a stamen in the center, the exterior carved in high relief around the sides with a day lily, millet, branches of budding magnolia and bamboo, the latter two also forming the handle at one end and continuing up from the openwork base which is also partly formed by an hibiscus leaf, wood stand.

Property from the Estate of Sir Edwin A.G. Manton.

Lot_151

Lot 151. A rhinoceros horn libation cup, 17th-18th century; 6¼ in. (15.8 cm.) longEstimate USD 8,000 - USD 12,000Price realised USD 36,000. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

Well carved around the sides with blossoming prunus branches and bamboo which form the double handle at one end as well as the openwork base, the interior carved as overlapping petals, of deep honey color.

Lot_148

Lot 148. A small rhinoceros horn 'Lotus leaf' libation cup, 17th century; 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm.) longEstimate USD 3,000 - USD 5,000Price realised USD 21,600. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

Carved as a lotus leaf borne atop swirling waves that form the base from which also rise a lotus blossom and two entwined stems that form a handle at one end, semi-translucent and of golden honey color.

Property from the Estate of Charles V. Swain.

Lot_146

Lot 146. A small rhinoceros horn blossom-form libation cup, 17th-18th century; 3½ in. (8.9 cm.) longEstimate USD 6,000 - USD 8,000Price realised USD 15,600. © Christie's Images Ltd 2007.

Well carved as a four-petalled blossom borne on a leafy, flowering and budding stem that forms the intricate handle at one end and continues underneath to form the base, of dark brown color.

Christie's. Fine Chinese Ceramics & Works of Art, New York, 22 March 2007