Hache cérémonielle en Jade Calcifié, Dynastie Shang, ca

H0046-L86070251

H0046-L86070254

Lot 43. Hache cérémonielle en Jade Calcifié, Dynastie Shang, ca. 2000-1200 avant J.-C.; Diam. 18,7 cm. Estimation 10,000 — 15,000 EUR. Lot Vendu 52,500 EUR. Courtesy Sotheby's 2015.

la pierre plate et lisse sculptée comme un disque, le bord supérieur en arc de cercle,  les côtés droits légèrement incurvés et ornés de chaque côté de deux dents à trois pointes, la partie inférieure formée de quatre segments droits aux bords biseautés, la pierre d'une couleur blanchâtre incrustée de matière ferrugineuse ; restaurations, D.W 34/43.

Provenance: Discovered in Henan province (according to David-Weill's notes).

ExhibitedArts de La Chine Ancienne, Musée de l’Orangerie, Paris, 1937, no. 75.

LiteratureGeorges Salles, Arts de La Chine Ancienne, Paris, 1937, cat. no. 75 (not illustrated). 
Alfred Salmony, Chinese Jade Through the Wei Dynasty, New York, 1963, pl. V.2.

Note: The present disc-axe represents a variation of the flanged jade axe. Its distinctive shape is based on a disc with a central aperture and a rounded cutting edge as illustrated by a number of examples in collections similarly formed in the 1930s, see, for instance, a disc-axe from the Sonnenschein Collection, published in Alfred Salmony, Archaic Chinese Jades from the Edward and Louise B. Sonnenschein Collection, Chicago, 1952, pl. XIV.1; and two further examples from the Winthrop Collection, in Max Loehr and Louisa G. Fitzgerald Huber, Ancient Chinese Jades from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection in the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1975, cat. nos. 22 and 23. Another example from the David-Weill Collection, is illustrated in Osvald Siren, Histoire des Arts Anciens de la Chine, Vol. I: La Periode Prehistorique. L'Epoque Tcheou, L'Epoque Tch'ou et Ts'in, Paris and Brussels, 1929, pl. 73. 

On the present axe, the rounded cutting edge has been replaced with four flat sections. Two almost identically shaped flanged disc-axe have been recovered from tombs (M11 and M5) of the Erlitou period, ca. 2000-1500 BC, at Yanshi, Henan, published in Kaogu, 1986.4, pl. 7.3, and in Yang Boda, Zhongguo yuqi quanji, vol. I, Shijiazhuang, 2005, p. 130, fig. 11

Sotheby's. Trésors de la Chine ancienne de la collection David David-Weill, Paris, 16 Dec 2015