17 avril 2019

A celadon and russet jade figure of a beast, Shang dynasty (circa 1600-1046 BCE)

1554015829665666_3443

Lot 3443. A celadon and russet jade figure of a beast, Shang dynasty (circa 1600-1046 BCE); 10.3 cm, 4 in. Estimate 350,000 — 450,000 HKD. Lot sold 350,000 HKD (45,084 USD). Courtesy Sotheby's

depicted crouching on all fours and terminating in a long tapering tail curling upwards at the end, the muscular contours of the horned beast, possibly a stylised tiger, superbly rendered with rounded outlines, incised overall with double-line scrollwork, the prominent snout rendered ferocious with an open mouth baring its fangs below oval eyes, the lustrous stone of a variegated celadon colour accentuated with attractive russet veining.

Provenance: Alvin Lo Oriental Art Ltd, New York. 

Literature: Robert P. Youngman, The Youngman Collection of Chinese Jades from Neolithic to Qing, Chicago, 2008, no. 41.

Note: Closely related carvings of tigers were discovered at the late Shang tomb of Fu Hao, a consort of King Wu Ding (r. 1324-1265 B.C.), and illustrated in Tomb of Lady Hao at Yinxu in Anyang, Beijing, 1980, pl. CXXXV, pls 1 and 2, together a malachite tiger, pl. CLXXV, no. 4, and one carved from bone, pl. CLXXXIII, no. 3. Compare also a tiger from the Yangdetang collection, sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 29th November 2017, lot 2725.

Jade tigers of this type appear to derive from contemporary depictions of tigers on bronzes from southern China, as discussed by Jessica Rawson in Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing, London, 1995, p. 206, where she illustrates a line drawing of a bronze tiger with one of a jade example from the tomb of Fu Hao, fig. 3.

Sotheby's. The Robert Youngman Collection of Chinese Jade II, Hong Kong, 03 Apr 2019


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