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Johan Carl Kempe (8 December 1884 – 8 July 1967) at the Stockholm Olympics, 1912. Photo Swedish Olympic Committee.

Formed by Dr. Johan Carl Kempe, a prominent collector of Chinese art, the sale is comprised of exquisite gold and silver objects from Ancient China, ranging in date from the Spring and Autumn Period (late 6th – early 5th century B.C) to the Qing period. The collection is particularly strong in gold and silver works dating from the Tang period, the zenith for works produced in this material. The opulence of the Tang-dynasty court is reflected in these objects, which included fine vessels and exquisite jewelry.

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Lot 501. A rare turquoise-inlaid gold ram-form fitting, Spring and Autumn period, 7th-early 6th century BC; 1 ½ in. (3.8 cm.) wide; weight 61.4 g. Estimate USD 30,000 - USD 50,000. © Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The finely chased fitting is shaped as a recumbent ram, its head turned to the side. There are multiple cloisons that highlight areas of the body, some with turquoise inlay. Two posts or rivets project from the back.

ProvenanceGeorge Eumorfopoulos (1863-1939) Collection.
Sotheby's London, 28 May 1940, lot 504.
Dr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK21.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 6. 

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 21.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 16.
 

ExhibitedCopenhagen, Dansk Kunstindustrimuseum, Kinas Kunst i Svensk og Dansk eje, 1950, cat. no. 164.
Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 21. 

NoteThis rare gold fitting is similar to two that were excavated along with other gold objects in 1982 at a seventh-sixth century BC site in Majiazhuang, Fengxiang county, Shaanxi province, which are illustrated by Yang Junchang, Paul Jett and Chen Jianli, Gold in Ancient China: 2000-200 BCE, Beijing, 2017, p. 108, figs. 3-6 d, and are described, p. 107, as having two rivets on the back (Fig. 1); and by Han Wei and Christian Deydier, Ancient Chinese Gold, Paris, 2001, p. 37, pl. 39, where the authors note that they were excavated from "chariot graves", and identify them as harness fittings. None of the illustrated fittings have turquoise inlay, but there do appear to be recesses which could have held inlay.

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Lot 502. A small gold plaque, Northeast China, 6th-5th century BC; 1 1/8 in. (2.9 cm.) wide; weight 6.8 g. Estimate USD 4,000 - USD 6,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The circular plaque is finely cast in openwork as a stylized coiled feline, with two small horizontal, squared attachment loops on the concave back.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no.CK23.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 3 (part).

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 23.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection. The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 22, pl. 25.
 

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. nos. 23.
Stag plaque: New York, Asia House Gallery, "Animal Style" Art from East to West, 1970, cat. no. 129 (part)

NoteThis superbly cast and finished plaque is similar to two published bronze examples. One is illustrated by Mayke Wagner and Herbert Butz in Nomandenkunst: Ordosbronzen der Ostasiatischen Kunstsammlung, Museum für Asiatische Kunst, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Mainz, 2007, p. 46, no. 36, where it is ascribed to Northeast China, 9th-7th century BC. The other is illustrated by Jessica Rawson and Emma Bunker, Ancient Chinese and Ordos Bronzes, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong, 1990, pp. 310-11, no. 192. Both of these have a single strap on the reverse.

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Lot 503. Five small gold 'Stag' plaques, Northeast China, 6th-5th century BC; 1 in. (2.7 cm.) wide; total weight 24.3 g. Estimate USD 25,000 - USD 35,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

Each plaque is finely cast as a recumbent stag, the legs tucked under its body, and the upturned head with antlers formed by three rings. Four of the plaques have flat backs set with small attachment loops while the fifth is pierced through the muzzle for suspension.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK25 and CK26.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 2 and lot 3 (part).

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. nos. 25, 26.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection. The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, nos. 24, 25

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., 1954-55, cat. nos. 25, 26.
New York, Asia House Gallery, "Animal Style" Art from East to West, 1970, cat. no. 129 (part)

NoteOrnamental plaques of this type would have served as personal ornaments for the people of the Dongbei (Northeast China) ca. 600 BC. In most instances they would have been made of bronze, such as the set of twenty in the collection of Shelby White and Leon Levy illustrated by Jenny F. So and Emma C. Bunker in Traders and Raiders on China's Northern Frontier, Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Washington D.C., 1995, p. 160, no. 83, and again by Emma C. Bunker, Nomadic Art of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2002, p. 158, no. 135. It is far more rare to find ornaments of this type made of gold, which would have indicated the elevated status of the wearer.

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Lot 504. A circular gold ornament, Northern China, 3rd century BC; 1 1/8 in. (3 cm.) diam.; weight 11.6 g. Estimate USD 1,000 - USD 1,500© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The small ornament is chased as a convex disk and decorated with four stylized animal heads in relief, within a band of striations at the outer rim.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953. no. CK27.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 9.

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 27.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 26

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 27

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Lot 505. A small cast gold ornament, Northern China, 3rd century BC; 1 in. (2.6 cm.) diam.; weight 22.9 g. Estimate USD 6,000 - USD 8,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The outline of the lobed, rosette-like ornament is formed by six raptor heads with raised eyes and long inward-pointing beaks. A squared loop is on the concave reverse.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK29.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 11.

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 29.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 27

Exhibited: Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 29. 

Note: A slightly smaller (2 cm. diam.) button of this design is illustrated by Simon Kwan and Sun Ji, Chinese Gold Ornaments, Hong Kong, 2003, pp. 162-63, pl. 24.

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Lot 507. A circular gold plaque, Late Warring States period, 3rd century BC; 2 3/8 in. (6.2 cm.) diam.; weight 12.5 g. Estimate USD 6,000 - USD 8,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The gold sheet plaque is chased on the convex center with six interlaced serpents, their heads facing the 'bead' border and their spines and tails detailed with stippling. The out-turned edge of the plaque is pierced for attachment.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK5.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 18.

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 5.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 5

ExhibitedCopenhagen, Dansk Kunstindustrimuseum, Kinas Kunst i Svensk og Dansk eje, 1950, cat. no.168.
Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 5.
New York, Asia House Gallery, Chinese Gold, Silver and PorcelainThe Kempe Collection, 1971, cat. no. 4, an exhibition touring the United States and shown also at nine other museums

Note: A very similar plaque is illustrated in Exhibition of Chinese Arts, C. T. Loo & Co., New York ,1941-1942, no. 207, identified as being from Jincun, and now in the collection of The Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Two others are in the collections of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, Stockholm and the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University. (Fig. 1) A larger example (14 cm. diam.) described as the gold veneer covering of a bronze plaque, dated Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC), is illustrated by Simon Kwan and Sun Ji, Chinese Gold Ornaments, Hong Kong, 2003, pp. 150-51, pl. 13.

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Lot 508. A very fine and rare gold 'Goose' garment hook, Late Warring States period-Western Han dynasty, 3rd-2nd century BC; 1 3/8 in. (3.5 cm.) long; weight 34 g. Estimate USD 20,000 - USD 30,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The small, heavily cast hook is shaped as a goose with a wide body resting on a round button. The long, curved and slender neck terminates in an elongated beak.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK12.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 21

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 12.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 12.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 12.  

NoteIt is rare to find small garment hooks of this type made from gold as they are more often found made of gilt-bronze, such as the pair illustrated by Julia M. White and Emma C. Bunker, Adornment for Eternity, Denver Art Museum, 1994, p. 119, no. 39, dated Warring States or Western Han dynasty. Also illustrated, no. 40, is a small bronze example dated Han dynasty. Each of these is in the shape of a somewhat naturalistic, long-billed water bird and each of these has a convex button below for attachment. The authors note that small garment hooks of this type, with the convex attachment button, first appeared around the beginning of the Warring States period in Shaanxi province. A similar gilt-bronze example of comparable size (3.1 cm. long), dated late Warring States-early western Han, 3rd century BC, is illustrated by Thomas Lawton, Chinese Art of the Warring States Period, Freer Gallery of Art, 1982, p. 126, no. 74. 

Two small gold garment hooks, each in the shape of a goose and dated to the second century BC, Western Han period, are illustrated by James C. S. Lin ed., The Search for Immortality: Tomb Treasures of Han China, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 2012, pls. 73 and 148, the first excavated at Beidongshan in 1986, and now in the Xuzhou Museum, Jiangsu province, the other excavated at Xianggangshan in 1983 and now in the Museum of the King of Nanyue, Guangdong province. Four small gold garment hooks of this type were found in the fifth century tomb of the Marquis Yi of Zeng at Sui Xian in Hubei province and are illustrated in Zhongguo meishu quanji, gongyi meishu bian, vol. 10, Beijing, 1987, p. 11, pl. 19. Like the present example they are plain, but the bird's head hook is more like that of a duck and the body is not as compact, nor the hook as deeply curved as those of the present garment hook.

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Lot 509. A rare pair of small gold boar-form ornaments, Northeast China, 5th-3rd century BC; Each 1 ¼ in. (3.2 cm.) wide; weight 9.8 and 9.5 g. Estimate USD 40,000 - USD 60,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

Each ornament is finely cast as a kneeling boar with powerful body and legs, bristly mane, curled tail and pricked ears, the facial features, including the tusks, are finely detailed, and there are two flat, vertical attachment loops on the concave reverse. 

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK24.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 1.  

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 24.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 23.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 24.
New York, Asia House Gallery, Chinese Gold, Silver and Porcelain. The Kempe Collection, 1971, cat. no. 12, an exhibition touring the United States and shown also at nine other museums.

Note: This pair of rare gold boar-form ornaments is representative of the type of personal ornament favored by the nomadic cultures of northern China during the Eastern Zhou dynasty. The dominant source of design for these ornaments was the animals and birds that surrounded these pastoral people, including ibex, wild asses, horses, stags, deer, rams, tigers, and wild boars. Often the animals are shown in a recumbent or kneeling position, creating a more compact shape. Even though there was a greater use of gold and silver for ornamentation during this period, most of the ornaments were made of bronze, such as a group of seven bronze ornaments cast as kneeling boars discovered in a Warring States tomb at Xinhui Village, Aohan Banner, Liaoning province, illustrated in Treasures on Grassland: Archaeological Finds from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Shanghai, 2000, p. 112. Another small bronze garment plaque of a kneeling boar is illustrated by Emma C. Bunker, Ancient Bronzes of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, 1997, p. 189, no. 262, where it is dated 5th-3rd century BC and ascribed to Northern China or Inner Mongolia. 

Personal ornamentation made of gold was a sign of high status, and just as small animal-form plaques were made in bronze in multiples as ornamentation, so too were those made of gold. This is exemplified by the four gold ornaments cast as recumbent stags in this sale, lot 503, as well as the present pair of gold boars.

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Lot 510. A very rare set of gold and jade garment hook plaques, Eastern Zhou dynasty, 4th century BC; Largest 1 in. (2.5 cm.) long, metal mount. Each 1 ¼ in. (3.2 cm.) wide; weight 9.8 and 9.5 g. Estimate USD 20,000 - USD 30,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The set comprises five rectangular gold plaques and five jade plaques, arranged in a line. Each gold plaque is chased in high relief with a pair of dragons with interlaced bodies. Each jade plaque is delicately carved with detached comma scrolls.  

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK2.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 20.   

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 2.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 2.   

ExhibitedCopenhagen, Dansk Kunstindustrimuseum, Kinas Kunst i Svensk og Dansk, 1950, cat. no. 163.
Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 2

Note: This set of gold and jade plaques would originally have been inlaid in an alternating pattern along the center of a large garment hook, as seen on an iron example (8 ¾ in. long) illustrated by Thomas Lawton in Chinese Art of the Warring States Period, Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1982, p. 101, no. 51. The gold plaques on the Freer garment hook are similarly cast with entwined dragons and the jade plaques are decorated with comma patterns, although only one of the plaques has the commas carved in relief, implying that the others might not be original. Another similar gold, silver and jade-inlaid bronze garment hook of large size (8 ¼ in. long) is illustrated by Max Loehr, Relics of Ancient China from the Collection of Dr. Paul Singer, The Asia Society, New York, 1965, p. 107, pl. 85c. A pair of similar garment hooks discovered in tombs of the Chu state at Xinyang, Henan province, is illustrated in Xinyang Chu mu, Beijing, 1986, pls. 64:1-3 and 65:1-2, and one is illustrated in a drawing in Kaogu Xuebao, 1985:3, p. 285, and again by Simon Kwan and Sun Ji, Chinese Gold Ornaments, Hong Kong, 2003, pp. 204-5, pl. 66.

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Lot 511. A superb and extremely rare turquoise-inlaid gold openwork chape, Northwest China, late 6th-early 5th century BC; 2 1/8 in. (5.3 cm.) high; weight 35.2 g. Estimate USD 300,000 - USD 500,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

This chape is finely decorated on each side in a complex openwork design of eleven interlaced serpents within a border of stylized bird-heads that rise from small animal heads with turquoise inlay at the bottom corners that flank a band of volutes on each side. The tip of the chape is formed as a dragon head.   

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK1.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 19.    

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 1.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 1.    

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-1955, cat. no. 1.
New York, Asia House Gallery, Chinese Gold, Silver and Porcelain. The Kempe Collection, 1971, cat. no. 1, an exhibition touring the United States and shown also at nine other museums.  

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Lot 512. A very rare and important gold feline-head finial, Spring and Autumn period, 6th-early 5th century BC2 ½ in. (6.3 cm.) wide; weight 40 g. Estimate USD 60,000 - USD 80,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The small bowl is of lobed heart shape with a flat bottom. The shallow, rounded sides are decorated in repoussé with a row of inverted 'water drops'. A short handle in the form of a raptor head with gold eyes projects from the rim on one side.   

ProvenanceC. T. Loo & Co., New York, before 1941.
Dr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK4.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 13. .    

LiteratureThe Toledo Museum of Art, Ancient Chinese Bronzes and Chinese Jewelry, Toledo, 1941, no. 95 (one of a pair, on right in illustration).
C. T. Loo & Co., Exhibition of Chinese Arts, New York, 1941, no. 221 (one of a pair, on right in illustration). 
Bo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 4.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 4.

ExhibitedToledo, Ohio, The Toledo Museum of Art, Ancient Chinese Bronzes and Chinese Jewelry, 9 February-2 March 1941, no. 95 (one of a pair).
New York, C. T. Loo & Co., Exhibition of Chinese Arts, 1 November 1941-30 April 1942, no. 221 (one of a pair).
Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 4.
New York, Asia House Gallery, Chinese Gold, Silver and PorcelainThe Kempe Collection, 1971, cat. no. 3, an exhibition touring the United States and shown also at nine other museums

Note: A virtually identical gold finial in the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. Bull was included in the exhibition, Chinese Art, Venice, 1954, no. 101 (as from Frank Caro, New York, successor to C. T. Loo) and in the exhibition, Early Chinese Gold and Silver, China House Gallery, New York, 1971, no. 7, and was subsequently sold at Sotheby's New York, 6 December 1983, lot 71. Another very similar finial is illustrated with the Kempe finial in Exhibition of Chinese Arts, C. T. Loo & Co., New York, 1941-1942, no. 221, where the two are described as a pair.

The narrow bands of dots that highlight the various features and form the borders of the two bands of scrolls encircling the tubular neck of the Kempe finial appear to be imitating the granulation technique which was introduced into China from the Near East. That type of granulation was created by diffusion bonding tiny gold spheres to the surface. The type of imitation granulation that decorates the present finial can also be seen on two other pieces of Spring and Autumn date (770-475 BC) illustrated by Carol Michaelson, Gilded Dragons: Buried Treasures from China's Golden Ages, British Museum, 1999: one a small gold garment hook with duck-head hook excavated in 1992 at Yimen village, Baoji, Shaanxi province, p. 27, no. 5 (left), the other the turquoise-inlaid gold hilt of an iron sword, p. 31, no. 9, from the same excavation.

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Lot 513. A fine and rare small silver bowl, Late Warring States period, 3rd-2nd century BC; 1 ¼ in.(3.2 cm.) high; weight 34 g. Estimate USD 60,000 - USD 80,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The finial is finely cast and engraved as a tiger or other feline head with glaring eyes and scrolling brows above a large snarling mouth, above the heart-shaped ears. Imitation granulation is used to highlight the various features and also to border the two bands of detached scrolls that encircle the tube which is pierced on either side for attachment.    

Provenance: Dr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK76.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 22.     

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 76.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 79.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 76.
New York, Asia House Gallery, Chinese Gold, Silver and Porcelain. The Kempe Collection, 1971, cat. no. 33, an exhibition touring the United States and shown also at nine other museums.  

NoteThe unusual raptor-head handle and the heart-shape of the present cup can also be seen in a similar silver wine cup of larger size (10.7 x 10.5 cm.) in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, attributed to North-central China, 4th-3rd century BC, illustrated by Jenny F. So and Emma C. Bunker, Traders and Raiders on China's Northern Frontier, Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Washington, D.C,, 1995, pp. 152-53, no. 73. (Fig. 1) This cup, and another like it illustrated by Mizuno Seiichi, Bronzes and Jades of Ancient China, Tokyo. 1959, p. 154B, has plain rather than the lobed sides of the Kempe cup. Also illustrated by Mizuno, pl. 154A, are two silver cups of heart shape, one with handles, and all are said to come from Jincun. The same heart shape, as well as an upright handle in the shape of a bird's head can be seen in a small lacquer ladle dated Western Han, illustrated in Lacquerware from the Warring States to the Han Period Excavated in Hubei Province, Hubei Provincial Museum/The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1994, no. 58. See, also, the small jade cup of this shape with carved sides illustrated by Thomas Lawton, Chinese Art of the Warring States Period, Freer Gallery of Art, 1982, p. 156, no. 103. 

The water-drop or petal-shaped lobed decoration on the sides of this rare silver cup can be found on other silver vessels made both in Achaemenid Persia (550-300 BC), such as the phiale (shallow drinking bowl) with inscription in the Freer Gallery of Art, illustrated by Zhixin Jason Sun, Age of Empires: Art of the Qin and Han Dynasties, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2017, p. 173, fig. 75, and the parcel-gilt silver circular box with cover (5 3/16 in. diam.), dated Western Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 9), excavated in 1994 from the tomb of the prince of Chu, Beidongshan, Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, also illustrated by Sun, pp. 172-73, no. 94. A similar box with cover is illustrated in Nanyue King's Tomb of the Western Han, vol. II, Beijing, 1991, pl. XXIII (1).

2019_NYR_18338_0515_000(a_very_fine_gold_harness_ornament_late_warring_states_period-han_dynas)

Lot 515. A very fine gold harness ornament, Late Warring States period-Han dynasty, 3rd-2nd century BC1 3/8 in. (3.6 cm.) wide; weight 49.2 g. Estimate USD 20,000 - USD 30,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The domed ornament is cast as three dragons, their bodies elegantly interlaced to form the outline. There are three attachment loops on the concave reverse.    

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK11.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 7.     

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 11.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 11.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 11.  

NoteAn identical gold ornament in the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. Bull, was sold at Sotheby's New York, 6 December 1983, lot 70. Like the present example, it has three attachment loops on the reverse. Another from the Frederick M. Mayer Collection of Chinese Art, was sold at Christie's London, 24-25 June, 1974, lot 148. Two related gold ornaments, cast as two closely intertwined dragons, described as probably horse trappings, are illustrated in Inlaid bronze and related material from pre-Tang China, Eskenazi, London, June-July 1991, no. 26. The reverse of one has two parallel curved struts. The entry also notes similar gold fittings of slightly earlier date, unearthed in 1980 from tomb number 2 at Qinshihuang's burial site, illustrated in Qin ling er hao tong che ma (Bronze Chariot and Horses - no. 2 from Qinshihuang's Tomb), Beijing, 1983, pl. 14, fig. 3, p. 32, figs. 6, 7 and 8, and p. 34, fig. 2, where it is stated that they were used as harness fittings.

2019_NYR_18338_0516_000(a_pair_of_small_gold_tiger-mask_ornaments_northwest_china_5th-4th_cent)

Lot 516. A pair of small gold 'Tiger-mask' ornaments, Northwest China, 5th-4th century BC or later; Each 1 in. ( 2.6 cm.) wide; weight 2.7 and 2.5 g. Estimate USD 6,000 - USD 8,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.  

Each small, rounded gold sheet ornament is worked in repoussé as a tiger head with bulging eyes and pointed ears, the tiger's stripes indicated by curved grooves.  

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK30.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 10.  

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 30.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 28.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 30.  

NoteThese fine masks are similar in detail to the heads of the four tigers seen attacking an ox, which form the decoration of four rectangular gold plaques found in the cache of gold and silver at Aluchaideng, Ih Ju League, Inner Mongolia in 1972, which is dated late Warring States period. One of these plaques is illustrated by Yang Junchang, Paul Jett and Chen Jianli, Gold in Ancient China: 2000-200 BCE, Beijing, 2017, p. 216, Fig. 4-35 b, along with other gold ornaments from the cache. The authors describe the ornamental plaques as having been made of beaten gold sheet "whose motifs were inspired by different animals."

2019_NYR_18338_0518_000(a_circular_gold_ornament_warring_states_period)

Lot 518. A circular gold ornament, Warring States period (475-221 BC); 1 1/8 in. (2.9 cm.) diam.; weight 4 gEstimate USD 1,000 - USD 1,500© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.   

The circular ornament is shaped as a flat ring and has a textured surface on one side.   

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK10.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 8.   

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 10. 
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 9.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 10.  

2019_NYR_18338_0519_000(a_gold_foil-covered_bronze_circular_plaque_spring_and_autumn_period_la)

2019_NYR_18338_0519_001(a_gold_foil-covered_bronze_circular_plaque_spring_and_autumn_period_la)

Lot 519. A gold foil-covered bronze circular plaque, Spring and Autumn period, late 6th-early 5th century BC; 3 5/8 in. (8.5 cm.) diam.; weight 72.8 gEstimate USD 1,000 - USD 1,500© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.   

The bronze plaque is covered with thin gold foil chased with bands of interlaced scroll design, possibly representing snakes, centered by a whorl motif, all detailed with striations and within a striated border.   

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK7.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 16.  

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 7.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 7.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 7.

2019_NYR_18338_0520_001(a_pair_of_gold_glass_and_bronze_plaques_late_warring_states_period-han_d6220726)

Lot 520. A pair of gold, glass and bronze plaques, Late Warring States period-Han dynasty, 3rd-2nd century BCEach 2 5/8 in. (6.7 cm.) diamEstimate USD 3,000 - USD 5,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.  

Each circular plaque is comprised of a bronze ring cast with three fluted bands covered with gold foil and centered by a beaded, convex, glass disc.  

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK6.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 15.  

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 6.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 6.

Note: A pair of very similar gold and glass plaques is illustrated in Exhibition of Chinese Art, C. T. Loo & Co., New York, 1941-1942, no. 124, where it is said that they were found at Jincun.

2019_NYR_18338_0521_000(a_bronze_and_gold_harness_fitting_spring_and_autumn_period_late_6th-ea)

2019_NYR_18338_0521_001(a_bronze_and_gold_harness_fitting_spring_and_autumn_period_late_6th-ea)

Lot 521. A bronze and gold harness fittingSpring and Autumn period, late 6th-early 5th century BC2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.) diamEstimate USD 10,000 - USD 15,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The circular fitting is comprised of three cast gold animal masks raised on bronze posts that project from the top of the domed bronze ring, the outward-facing masks with protruding tongue, small nose, and bulbous eyes below small ears and curved horns.  

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no.CK3.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 12.   

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 3. 
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 3.  

ExhibitedCopenhagen, Dansk Kunstindustrimuseum, Kinas Kunst i Svensk og Danskeje1950, cat. no. 166.
Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 3.
New York, Asia House Gallery, Chinese Gold, Silver and PorcelainThe Kempe Collection, 1971, cat. no.2, an exhibition touring the United States and shown also at nine other museums

NoteBased on similar fittings excavated from various Warring States sites, this fitting and others like it appear to be harness fittings. A similar fitting was excavated from a large pit filled with the remains of chariots and horses at a Warring States site at Fengxiang Doufu village in Shaanxi province. Two similar fittings, with cast gold masks, have been published. One is illustrated by Peter Y. K. Lam, ed., Celestial Creations: Art of the Chinese Goldsmith, The Cheng Xun Tang Collection, vol. I, Art Museum, Institute of Chinese Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2007, pp. 62-63, no. A29; the other by Simon Kwan and Sun Ji, Chinese Gold Ornaments, Hong Kong, 2003, pp. 198-99, pl. 60. Also illustrated, pl. 198, is an example with inward-facing, silver masks surmounting each post, excavated from the tomb of King Cuo (r. 327-313 BC), State of Zhongshan, in Lingshou, Pingshan county, Hebei province, and also by Han Wei and Christian Deydier, Ancient Chinese Gold, Paris, 2001, p. 53, no. 86. A similar pair with gold foil-covered bronze masks, from the collection of Robert Hatfield Ellsworth, sold at Christie's New York, 26 March 2010, lot 1290.

2019_NYR_18338_0522_000(a_gold_foil_applique_spring_and_autumn_period_late_6th_century_bc)

Lot 522. A gold foil appliqué, Spring and Autumn period, late 6th century BC4 ¾ in. (2 cm.) longEstimate USD 3,000 - USD 5,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The appliqué is cut from very thin gold foil in the shape of a creature with a bird head at one end facing a dragon head (now mostly missing) at the other end, the conjoined body chased with intertwined scrolling snakes. There are small holes for attachment, framed.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK9.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 14

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 9.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 8.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 9.

2019_NYR_18338_0529_000(a_tinned-bronze_belt_plaque_western_china_5th_century_bc)

2019_NYR_18338_0529_001(a_tinned-bronze_belt_plaque_western_china_5th_century_bc)

 Lot 529. A tinned-bronze belt plaque, Western China, 5th century BC; 4 ½ in. (11.5 cm.) wide. Estimate USD 500 - USD 700© Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The broad, S-shaped plaque with ribbed body and curved ends is finely engraved with striated bands.  

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 95.  

LiteratureChinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 108.   

2019_NYR_18338_0530_000(an_unusual_silver_octagonal_ferrule_zun_warring_states_period-western)

Lot 530. An unusual silver octagonal ferrule, Warring States period-Western Han dynasty (475 BC-AD 8); 3 in. (7.6 cm.) high; weight 103.5 gEstimate USD 2,000 - USD 3,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.  

The heavily cast, hollow fitting has faceted sides, and a slightly tapering, bulbous mid-section, and is pierced with two holes for attachment. The interior is circular.  

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK84.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 26.   

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 84.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 87.

Exhibited: Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 84.

Note: For a related bronze ferrule of Warring States date, 5th-4th century BC, see Thomas Lawton, Chinese Art of the Warring States Period, Freer Gallery of Art, 1982, p. 51, no. 14.

2019_NYR_18338_0533_000(a_circular_silver_harness_fitting_warring_states_period_4th_century_bc)

Lot 533. A circular silver harness fitting, Warring States period, 4th century BC; 2 ½ in. (6.4 cm.) diam.; weight 58.5 g. Estimate USD 4,000 - USD 6,000. © Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The small, circular fitting is engraved with a medallion enclosing a symmetrical design of interlaced scrolls, and a strap-form loop is on the concave reverse. 

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK77.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 17.  

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 77.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 80

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 77.

2019_NYR_18338_0534_000(a_silver_garment_hook_late_warring_states_period-early_western_han_dyn)

2019_NYR_18338_0534_004(a_silver_garment_hook_late_warring_states_period-early_western_han_dyn)

Lot 534. A silver garment hook, Late Warring States period-Western Han dynasty, 4th-3rd century BC2 3/8 in. (6.2 cm.) long; weight 22.4 gEstimate USD 3,000 - USD 5,000. © Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The finely shaped hook is cast with a stylized, horned animal head from which issues the slender shaft that terminates in a stylized bird's head. 

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no.CK80.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 28.   

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 80.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 83.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 80.

Note: This silver garment hook is similar to a gilt-bronze example in the British Museum illustrated by William Watson, Ancient Chinese Bronzes, London, 1962, pl. 86a, where it is dated 4th-3rd century BC.

2019_NYR_18338_0535_000(a_silver_animal-head_garment_hook_late_warring_states_period-early_wes)

Lot 535. A silver 'Animal-head' garment hook, Late Warring States period-Western Han dynasty, 4th-3rd century BC1 ¼ in. (3.1 cm) long; weight 11 gEstimate USD 1,000 - USD 1,500. © Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The small silver garment hook is cast in the form of a horned animal head, the shaft issuing from the animal's nose and terminating in a dragon head.

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK 81.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 29.   

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 81.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 84

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 81.

2019_NYR_18338_0536_000(an_unusual_and_rare_silver_ornament_northwest_china_4th-3rd_century_bc)

2019_NYR_18338_0536_001(an_unusual_and_rare_silver_ornament_northwest_china_4th-3rd_century_bc)

 

Lot 536. An unusual and rare silver ornament, Northwest China , 4th-3rd century BC2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm.) long; weight 23.2 gEstimate USD 5,000 - USD 7,000© Christie's Image Ltd 2019.

The ornament is finely cast as a stylized feline head with pointed ears and almond-shaped eyes above the stylized, coiled and scallop-edged body. A square, openwork, cage-like loop projects from the back of the head.  

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK86.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 30.    

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 86.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 89.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 86.

Note: The present ornament, of exceptional quality and made of precious silver, would have been intended for a person of high rank. A bronze example is illustrated by Jessica Rawson and Emma Bunker, Ancient Chinese and Ordos Bronzes, Hong Kong Museum of Art, 1990, pp. 332-33, no. 213, where it is ascribed to western Inner Mongolia and dated 3rd century BC. Bunker compares the bronze example to the present silver ornament and notes that similar silver ornaments were found in excavations at Xigouban in Jungar Qi, western Inner Mongolia. Their weights were inscribed on their backs in late Warring States Chinese script.

2019_NYR_18338_0538_000(an_engraved_silver_garment_hook_late_warring_states-western_han_dynast)

2019_NYR_18338_0538_002(an_engraved_silver_garment_hook_late_warring_states-western_han_dynast)

Lot 538. An engraved silver garment hook, Late Warring States period-Western Han dynasty, 4th-3rd century BC5 in. (12.6 cm.) long; weight 128 gEstimate USD 6,000 - USD 8,000. © Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The garment hook of cast silver is engraved on the shaft with a fine design of volutes, triangles and scrolls, and terminates in a dragon-head hook

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK78.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 24.    

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 78.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 81.  

ExhibitedWashington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 78.

2019_NYR_18338_0539_000(an_engraved_silver_garment_hook_late_warring_states-western_han_dynast)

Lot 539. An engraved silver garment hook, Late Warring States period-Western Han dynasty, 4th-3rd century BC3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm.) long; weight 27.5 gEstimate USD 3,000 - USD 5,000. © Christie's Image Ltd 2019. 

The garment hook of cast silver is engraved on the curved shaft with a design of volutes and triangles, and terminates in a small hook shaped as a bird's head

ProvenanceDr. Johan Carl Kempe (1884-1967) Collection, Sweden, before 1953, no. CK79.
Sotheby's London, Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork. Early Gold and Silver, 14 May 2008, lot 25

LiteratureBo Gyllensvärd, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, Stockholm, 1953, cat. no. 79.
Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, The Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn, Ulricehamn, 1999, pl. 82.  

Exhibited: Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution, Chinese Gold and Silver in the Carl Kempe Collection, 1954-55, cat. no. 79.

Christie'sMasterpieces of Early Chinese Gold and Silver, New York, 12 September 2019