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Photo: Bonhams.

HONG KONG – Bonhams has secured one of America's premier private collections of Modern Chinese paintings for sale. Comprising over 280 works in total, The Reverend Richard Fabian Collection of Chinese Paintings spans from the Kangxi and Qianlong period to the 1980's, encompassing every major school with examples by such masters as Ren Yi, Xugu, Wu Changshuo, Qi Baishi, Huang Binhong, Xu Beihong, Zhang Daqian, Fu Baoshi, and Li Keran, among others. A select group of 38 works will debut at Bonhams Hong Kong on 9 October.

The Collector, Reverend Richard Fabian – Founder and rector of San Francisco's ecumenical St. Gregory Nyssen Episcopal Church – first discovered the compelling beauty of Chinese paintings while majoring in Chinese art at Yale University in the 1960s. From then he started building 'The Fabian Collection', pursuing works by the eminent painters of the 19th and 20th century. Over three decades, Fabian formed a panoramic collection that spans the 200-year development of Chinese paintings across different schools, including Orthodox (正統派), Jingjiang (京江畫派), Wu(吳門), Lingnan (嶺南), Shanghai (海派) and Jing-jin (京津).

While these two centuries represent a period of great political turbulence and social upheaval in Chinese history, this collection reflects the dynamic creative response of artists to the turmoil imposed by the world around them. Whereas some artists, such as Wu Changshuo, Wu Dacheng and Qi Baishi, sought inspiration to transform classical paintings by examining early traces of calligraphy before 3rd century BC, other artists, such as Gao Jianfu, Xu Beihong, Liu Haisu and Fu Baoshi, travelled to Europe and Japan for the study of non-Chinese art, acquiring new methods and techniques, while retaining the essence of traditional Chinese ink and brushwork in their art.

'The Fabian Collection' offers an in-depth exploration of numerous regional schools of the period, as well as an overview of the nationwide aesthetic movements of the last two centuries.

Iris Miao, Bonhams' Consulting Head of Chinese Paintings, commented: "We are proud to be entrusted with this significant single-owner collection, which represents not only quality and artistic merits for each individual work, but also academic importance when appreciated as a whole. It is a rare occasion that a collection this well-exhibited and well-documented comes fresh to the market, and we are excited to introduce a choice selection of it to our local and overseas collectors in October."

The Reverend Richard Fabian Collection of Chinese Paintings has been featured across important museums and institutions in the America, including the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco (2000), the Honolulu Academy of Art (2007) and the Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts (2010), with catalogues for both the San Francisco and Honolulu exhibitions. 

Proceedings of the three-day 2007 Honolulu scholarly symposium in English and Chinese will be published by Bonhams, and available with the single-owner sale catalogue. These proceedings feature papers by distinguished speakers from the Palace Museum Beijing, the Shanghai Museum, Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing, The Palace Museum, Taipei, as well as renowned scholars from universities in Japan and the United States. 

The regular Fine Chinese Paintings Sale, also being held on 9 October, will offer over 200 lots of classical and modern works alongside a number of important private collections, including: 'Fine Modern and Contemporary Paintings Previously in Dr. Stephen Yih's Collection', 'Classical and Modern Paintings Previously in the Collection of Mr. Au Yiu Cheuk (1908-2002)', 'Modern Paintings Previously in the Collection of an European Diplomat', and 'Modern Paintings Previously in the Collection of Tsi Ku Chai Hong Kong'. Building upon the success from the previous season, Bonhams will once again present an online sale with a focus on Southeast Asian private collections, featuring works collected during 1980s and 1990s.

The Reverend Richard Fabian Collection Of Chinese Paintings – Highlights

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Lot 2.Dai Xi (1801-1860), Little Resting Cloud Hut (Frontispiece & Colophons), 1849. Horizontal handscroll, ink on paper; Frontispiece: 31.1 x 97.2cm (12 1/4 x 38 1/4in) Painting: 31.1 x 97.8cm (12 1/4 x 38 1/2in) Colophons: 31.1 x 405.1cm (12 1/4 x 159 1/2in) Estimate: HK$300,000-500,000Photo: Bonhams.

titled by the artist in seal script, dedicated to Zhang Mu (1805-1849), and signed Qiantang Dai Xi, with three artist's seals reading Dai XiChunshi and Chushi Jiafeng, and with two collector's seals of Ye Hefu (1863-1937) on the painting; titleslip by Ye Hefu, dated bingshen (1896); a frontispiece in clerical script by He Shaoji (1799-1873), with one seal of his; three inscriptions written by the recipient Zhang Mu, the first dated the 28th year of the Daoguang reign (1848) and the last dated jiyou (1849), and with a total of nine collector's seals of his; two further inscriptions by the artist, dated the 28th year of the Daoguang reign (1848), and with four seals of his; followed by a further seven colophons: one by Ye Hefu, with another five collector's seals of his; four by Qi Junzao (1793-1866), the first two dated the 29th year of the Daoguang reign (1849) and xinyou and the 11th year of Xianfeng reign (1861), and with a total of five seals of his; one by Feng Zhiyi (1814-1867), dated jiyou (1849), and with one seal of his; and one by Duanmu Cai (19th century), dated renxu (1862), and with one seal of his.

Provenance: Far East Fine Arts, San Francisco, California
Christie's Hong Kong, Fine Classical Paintings and Calligraphy, 29 April 2001, lot 403

Exhibited: New Songs on Ancient Tunes, Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, HI, August 30-October 28, 2007.

Published: Teisuke Toda and Hiromitsu Ogawa comp., Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue of Chinese Paintings, Third Series, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections, University of Tokyo Press, 2013, A50-024, pp.188-189
Little, Stephen, and J. May Lee Barrett, New Songs on Ancient Tunes: 19th-20th Century Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy from the Richard Fabian Collection, Honolulu: Honolulu Museum of Art, 2007, pp.100-103
Wu Qingchi, Jiaolang cuo lu: Volume 7, Zhonghua Shu Ju, Beijing, 2008, p.215

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 Lot 7.Wang Yun (1816- after 1882), Scenes of Yangzhou (8 leaves out of 24), 1876. Album of twenty-four leaves of painting and twenty-one leaves of calligraphy, ink and color on paper, or ink on paper. 35 x 40cm (13 3/4 x 15 3/4in) each (24). Estimate: HK$400,000-600,000Photo: Bonhams.

each leaf inscribed by the artist with his seals, with colophons by thirty calligraphers, the final two leaves of the album each dated by the artist to the second year of Guangxu reign (1876), with a collector's seal reading Zhuo'an suode

Provenance: China Guardian Beijing, Classical Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy, 8 May 2000, lot 800.

Exhibited: New Songs on Ancient Tunes, Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, HI, August 30-October 28, 2007.

Published: Teisuke Toda and Hiromitsu Ogawa comp. Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue of Chinese Paintings, Third Series, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections, University of Tokyo Press, 2013, A50-18, pp.185-187
Little, Stephen, and J. May Lee Barrett. New Songs on Ancient Tunes: 19th-20th Century Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy from the Richard Fabian Collection, Honolulu: Honolulu Museum of Art, 2007, pp.148-153 

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Lot 8. Zhang Xiong (1803-1886), Xu gu (1823-1896), Wu Dacheng (1835-1902), Yang Borun (1837-1911), Wu Guxiang (1848-1903) et al., Studying Books by the City Wall(3 leaves out of 10), 1875-1878. Album of eight leaves of painting and twelve leaves of calligraph, ink and colour on paper, or ink on paper, 22.5 x 32.5cm (8 1/2 x 12 3/4in) each (20). Estimate: HK$350,000-500,000 (€ 41,000 - 58,000)Photo: Bonhams.

Leaf 1: title leaf, signed Hongfang, followed by one seal reading Songnan ransou and one collector's seal Juanhu Shen Shanjun shi zhencang shuhua zhi yin
Leaf 2: title and inscription by Xu Jiali, dated wuyin (1878), followed by one calligrapher's seal reading Xu, one collector's seal reading Hanlu xinshang
Leaf 3: Yang Borun (1837-1911), ink on paper, calligraphy in running script dated wuyin (1878), signed Yang Borun with two artist's seals Nanhu and Borun siyin, and a collector's seal Xiaan zhengcang zhi zhang
Leaf 4: Yang Borun, ink on paper, dated yihai(1875), and signed Yang Borun, with an artist's seal Nanhu, and one collector's seal Junhu Shen Shanjun shi zhengcang shuhua zhi yin
Leaf 5: Chen Chan, ink on paper, calligraphy in clerical script, signed Chen Chan with an artist's seal reading Tang'an
Leaf 6: Zhang Xiong (1803-1886), ink and color on paper, dated yihai (1875) signed Zixiang Zhang Xiong, with two artist's seals reading Zixiang and Yuanhu laoren, and one collector's seal Junhu Shen Shanjun shi zhengcang shuhua zhi yin
Leaf 7: Shi Lunzao, ink on paper, calligraphy in regular script, signed Quge Shi Lunzao, with two artist's seals reading Quge and Lunzao yinxin
Leaf 8: Wu Dacheng (1835-1902), ink and color on paper, inscribed by the artist and dated bingzi (1876) signed Wu Dacheng with an artist's seal reading Wu Dacheng and a collector's seal Xiaan zhencang zhi zhang
Leaf 9: Pu Hua (1832-1911) ink on paper, calligraphy in running script and dated wuyin (1878), signed Pu Hua with an artist's seal zuoying and one collector's seal Xiaan zhengcang zhi zhang
Leaf 10: Wu Guxiang (1848-1903) ink and color on paper, dated bingzi (1876) and signed Qiunong Wu Guxiang with an artist's seal and two collector's seals
Leaf 11: Zhan Luqi, ink on paper, calligraphy in running script dated bingzi (1876) and signed Zhan Luqi with an artist's seal
Leaf 12: Xugu (1823-1896) ink and color on paper, dated bingzi (1876) and signed Xugu, with two artist's seals and a collector's seal.
Leaf 13: Ge Qilong, ink on paper, calligraphy in standard script, signed Ge Qilong with an artist's seal.
Leaf 14: Jin Dejian (1810-1887), ink and color on paper, dated yihai (1875), and signed Jin Dejian with an artist's seal and a collector's seal
Leaf 15: Qin Wenchu, ink on paper, calligraphy in running script, signed by the artist with an artist's seal
Leaf 16: Gu Yun (1835-1896), ink and color on paper, dated yihai (1875) and signed Ruobo Gu yun with an artist's seal and a collector's seal
Leaf 17: He Shu, ink on paper, calligraphy in running script, dated bingzi (1876), signed by the artist with an artist's seal
Leaf 18: Chao Xun (1852-1917), ink and color on paper, inscribed by the artist and signed Chao Xun with an artist's seal and two collector's seals
Leaf 19:Yang Zhaoyun (1854-?), ink on paper, calligraphy in regular script, dated first year of Guangxu (1875) and signed Yang Zhaoyun, with an artist's seal and a collector's seal
Leaf 20: Du Qiukui, ink on paper, calligraphy in regular script, dated yihai (1875), with two artist's seals and two collector's seals
the outer titleslip in seal script by Wang Fu'an (1880-1960) dated 1941, with two calligrapher's seals.   

Provenance: Far East Fine Arts, San Francisco, California
Sotheby's, Fine Modern and Contemporary Chinese Paintings, 27th and 28th October 1993, lot 818.

 ExhibitedWondrous Ink, Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts, Kalamazoo, MI, August 28- December 5, 2010
Between the Thunder and the Rain, Asian Art Museum Chong-Moon Lee Center for Asian Art and Culture, San Francisco, CA, October 25, 2000-January 14, 2001.

Published: Teisuke Toda and Hiromitsu Ogawa comp., Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue of Chinese Paintings, Third Series, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections, University of Tokyo Press, 2013, A50-53, p.205
Andrews, Julia Frances, Michael Knight, and Pauline Yao, Between the Thunder and the Rain: Chinese Paintings from the Opium War Through the Cultural Revolution, 1840-1979, San Francisco: Echo Rock Ventures, in association with the Asian Art Museum Chong-Moon Lee Center for Asian Art and Culture, 2000, pp.69-71
Tsao Jung-Ying, The Paintings of Xugu and Qi Baishi, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1993, p.140 (Leaf 12)

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Lot 33. Qi Gong (1912-2005), Landscape (Frontispiece and Painting), 1941. Horizontal handscroll, ink on paper; Frontispiece: 30.5 x 97.8cm (12 x 38 1/2in) Painting: 30.5 x 135.9cm (12 x 53 1/2in) Colophons: 30.5 x 356.9cm (12 x 140 1/2in). Estimate: HK$800,000-1,200,000 (€ 93,000 - 140,000). Photo: Bonhams.

the landscape inscribed and signed by the artist, dated xinsi (1941), with four artist's seals reading Qi Gong (2), Yuanbai (2); the frontpiece and colophons written and signed by the artist, with twelve artist's seals reading Qi Gong zhi yin (3), Yuanbai (3), Sheng yu renzi (3), Yuanbai jushiQi GongZhushen.

Provenance: Acquired in Beijing in the summer of 2001. Rev. Fabian brought it to Qi Gong a week later, who sealed and inscribed the scroll in his presence.

Exhibited: New Songs on Ancient Tunes, Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, HI, August 30-October 28, 2007.

Published: Teisuke Toda and Hiromitsu Ogawa comp., Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue of Chinese Paintings, Third Series, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections, University of Tokyo Press, 2013, A50-274, pp.226-227
Little, Stephen, and J. May Lee Barrett, New Songs on Ancient Tunes: 19th-20th Century Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy from the Richard Fabian Collection, Honolulu: Honolulu Museum of Art, 2007, pp.390-391 

GUAN SHANYUE (1912-2000)
Windswept Pines in a Mountain Gorge, 1977
Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper 135 x 67cm (53 1/8 x 26 3/8in) Estimate: HK$700,000–900,000
Provenance: Far East Fine Arts, San Francisco, California

JIN CHENG (1878-1926)
Landscapes after Old Masters (Preface and 5 leaves out of 12), 1905
Album of twelve leaves, ink and colour on paper
26.4 x 36.5cm (10 3/8 x 14 3/8in) each (12)
Estimate: HK$300,000–500,000
Provenance: Far East Fine Arts, San Francisco, California

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Lot 25. Fu Baoshi (1904-1965), Viewing a Waterfall. Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper,110 x 31cm (43 1/4 x 12 1/4in). Estimate: HK$3,000,000–5,000,000 (€ 350,000 - 580,000)Photo: Bonhams.

Provenance: Far East Fine Arts, San Francisco, California
Sotheby's Hong Kong, Fine Modern Chinese Paintings, 18 May 1989, lot 127
Previously in the collection of Zhou Lin (1915-1970), president of the Association of Chinese Artists in France.

ExhibitedNew Songs on Ancient Tunes, Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, HI, August 30 to October 28, 2007.

Published: Teisuke Toda and Hiromitsu Ogawa comp., Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue of Chinese Paintings, Third Series, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections, University of Tokyo Press, 2013, A50-260, p.225
The Complete Works of Fu Baoshi, Vol. I, Nanning: Guangxi Fine Arts Publishing House, March 2008, pp.128-129
Stephen Little and J. May Lee Barrett, New Songs on Ancient Tunes: 19th-20th Century Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy from the Richard Fabian Collection, Honolulu: Honolulu Museum of Art, 2007, p.50 (detail), p. 64, pp.578-579
Ye Zonggao ed., The World of Fu Baoshi, Taipei: Shi Jh Tang Press Co. Ltd., December 2004, p.300
Mingjia Hanmo 10, Monograph on Fu Baoshi's Waterfalls, Springs and Rain Scenes, Hong Kong: Hanmoxuan, November 1990, p.76.

Chinese Paintings Sale (9 October 2019) – Highlights

Xu Beihong (1895-1953) Two Galloping Horses

Lot 274. Xu Beihong (1895-1953), Two Galloping Horses, Inscribed and signed Beihong, with a dedication and three seals of the artist. Dated xinsi year (1941). Ink on paper, framed, 89 x 105cm (35 x 413⁄8in). Estimate: HK$4,000,000 - 6,000,000 (€ 460,000 - 700,000)Photo: Bonhams.

Provenance: Dr. Stephen Yih's Collection
Sotheby's Hong Kong, Fine Modern Chinese Paintings Including Property From the Estate of Mme. Fan Tchun-pi (Fang Junbi), 17 November 1988, lot 149

Dong Qichang (1555-1636) Album of Landscapes and Calligraphy

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Lo 136. Dong Qichang (1555-1636), Album of Landscapes and Calligraphy. Titled, inscribed and signed Dong Qichang and Xuanzai, with a total of eight seals of the artist and six collectors' seals. Dated jiayin year (1614). Ink and colour on silk, album of eight leaves. Painting: 26 x 23.5cm (101⁄4 x 91⁄4in) each (4). Calligraphy: 30.5 x 24cm (12 x 91⁄2in) each (4). Estimate: HK$600,000 - 800,000 (€ 70,000 - 93,000).Photo: Bonhams.

Provenance: Classical and Modern Paintings Previously in the Collection of Mr. Au Yiu Cheuk (1908-2002).