Lot 2705. A green jade humanoid mask ornament, Hongshan Culture, circa 4000 -3000 BC; 1 15/16 in. (4.9 cm.) high. Estimate HKD 120,000 - HKD 180,000. Price realised HKD 937,500. © Christie's Images Ltd 2019
The humanoid mask is carved with arched brows above almond-shaped eyes and a pointed nose. The reverse is pierced with two apertures for suspension. The stone is of an even green tone with some buff and russet inclusions, box.
Provenance: Lantien Shanfang Collection, acquired in Taipei in 1992.
Note: As one of the Neolithic cultures developed across northern China, Hongshan Culture is named after the archaeological site behind Hongshan (Red Hill) in Chifeng city, Inner Mongolia, discovered by the Japanese archaeologists Kosaku Hamada and Seiichi Mizuno in 1935. Initially termed ‘Chifeng Culture Phase 1’, it was later renamed Hongshan Culture in 1954. Findings include painted pottery, pottery with impressed zigzag or combed design, fine stone tools, as well as polished stone carvings. Hongshan Culture spans across southeast Inner Mongolia, west Liaoning and north Hebei. A small number of findings were also found in northwest Jilin. Excavated sites include Zhizhu Mountain in Chifeng, Xishuiquan, Sandaowanzi in Aohan Banner, Sileng Mountain, as well as Nanyangjiayingzi in Barin Left Banner etc. Hongshan Culture is dated to circa 3500 BC based on radiocarbon dating of its archaeological finds.