Iris van Herpen (Dutch, born 1984). Dress, fall/winter 2012–13 haute couture. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Iris van Herpen, in honor of Harold Koda, 2016 (2016.185). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope
Charles James (American, born Great Britain, 1906–1978). Ball Gown, 1951. Brooklyn Museum Costume Collection at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of the Brooklyn Museum, 2009; Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Coulson, 1964 (2009.300.1311). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope

The Costume Institute’s upcoming exhibition About Time: Fashion and Duration (on view October 29, 2020 to February 7, 2021) will trace 150 years of fashion, from 1870 to the present, along a disrupted timeline, in honor of the Museum’s 150th anniversary. Employing philosopher Henri Bergson’s concept of la durée—the continuity of time—the exhibition will explore how clothes generate temporal associations that conflate the past, present, and future. The concept will also be examined through the writings of Virginia Woolf, who will serve as the exhibition’s “ghost narrator.”

The exhibition is made possible by Louis Vuitton.

Corporate sponsorship is also provided by Condé Nast.


Afternoon dress, ca. 1877. American. Silk. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Theodore Fischer Ells, 1975 (1975.227.4). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Alexander McQueen (British, 1969–2010). “Bumster” Skirt, fall/winter 1995–96, edition 2010. Courtesy of Alexander McQueen. photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 

Additional support is provided by Michael Braun, John and Amy Griffin, Nancy C. and Richard R. Rogers, the Natasha and Adar Poonawalla Foundation, and the Laura and Raymond Johnson Fund.

About Time: Fashion and Duration will consider the ephemeral nature of fashion, employing flashbacks and fast-forwards to reveal how it can be both linear and cyclical,” said Max Hollein, Director of The Met. “The result is a show that will present a nuanced continuum of fashion over the Museum’s 150-year history.”

Andrew Bolton, the Wendy Yu Curator in Charge of The Costume Institute, said: “Fashion is indelibly connected to time. It not only reflects and represents the spirit of the times but it also changes and develops with the times, serving as an especially sensitive and accurate timepiece. Through a series of chronologies, the exhibition will use the concept of duration to analyze the temporal twists and turns of fashion history.”

The 2020 Costume Institute Benefit, also known as The Met Gala, originally scheduled for Monday, May 4, 2020, will not take place this year due to the global health crisis. The event serves as The Costume Institute’s main source of annual funding for exhibitions, publications, acquisitions, and capital improvements.


Walking Dress, probably American, ca. 1885. Gift of David L. Andrews, 1976 (1976.254.6a, b). photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Yohji Yamamoto (Japanese, born 1943). Coat, fall/winter 1986–87. Purchase, Gould Family Foundation Gift, in memory of Jo Copeland, 2014 (2014.455)photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 

Exhibition Overview
Presented in The Met Fifth Avenue’s Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Exhibition Hall, the exhibition will feature a timeline of 120 fashions dating from 1870—the year of The Met’s founding and the start of a decade that witnessed major developments in the global standardization of time—to the present. The majority of objects on view will be drawn from The Costume Institute’s collection, including major gifts from designers as part of The Met’s 2020 Collections Initiative, and related to the Museum’s 150th anniversary activities.

The timeline will unfold in two adjacent galleries fabricated as enormous clock faces and organized around the principle of 60 minutes of fashion. Each “minute” will feature a pair of garments, with the primary work representing the linear nature of fashion and the secondary work its cyclical character. To illustrate Bergson’s concept of duration—of the past co-existing with the present—the works in each pair will be connected through shape, motif, material, pattern, technique, or decoration. For example, a black silk faille princess-line dress from the late 1870s will be paired with an Alexander McQueen “Bumster” skirt from 1995. A black silk satin dress with enormous leg-o’-mutton sleeves from the mid-1890s will be juxtaposed with a Comme des Garçons deconstructed ensemble from 2004. 


Mrs. Arnold (American). Dinner dress, ca. 1895. Silk. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of the Brooklyn Museum, 2009; Gift of Sally Ingalls, 1932 (2009.300.643a, b)Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Comme des Garçons (Japanese, founded 1969). Ensemble, fall/winter 2004–5. Gift of Comme des Garçons, 2020. Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 

All of the garments will be black to emphasize changes in silhouette, except at the conclusion of the show, where a white dress from Viktor & Rolf’s spring/summer 2020 haute couture collection, made from upcycled swatches in a patchwork design, will serve as a symbol for the future of fashion with its emphasis on community, collaboration, and sustainability. The dress will float in an “infinity box” surrounded by a “tornado” of swatches, like a Phoenix rising from the ashes.

Designers whose work will be on view in the exhibition include Virgil Abloh (for Off-White), Azzedine Alaïa, Jonathan Anderson (for JW Anderson and Loewe), Cristóbal Balenciaga, Boué Soeurs, Thom Browne, Stephen Burrows, Sarah Burton (for Alexander McQueen), Gabrielle Chanel, Christian Dior, House of Drecoll, Tom Ford (for Gucci), Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo, John Galliano (for Maison Margiela and John Galliano), Jean Paul Gaultier, Rudi Gernreich, Nicolas Ghesquière (for Louis Vuitton), Hubert de Givenchy, Georgina Godley, Madame Grès, Jacques Griffe, Halston, Johnson Hartig (for Libertine), Iris van Herpen, Marc Jacobs (for Perry Ellis, Marc Jacobs, and Louis Vuitton), Charles James, Victor Joris, Norma Kamali, Donna Karan, Rei Kawakubo (for Comme des Garçons), Patrick Kelly, Lamine Kouyaté (for Xuly.Bët), Christian Lacroix, Helmut Lang, Karl Lagerfeld (for Chanel), Jeanne Lanvin, Martin Margiela, Claire McCardell, Malcolm McLaren, Alexander McQueen, Issey Miyake, Kei Ninomiya (for Noir Kei Ninomiya), Norman Norell, Shayne Oliver (for Hood by Air), Rick Owens, Jean Patou, Elsa Peretti, Emile Pingat, Miuccia Prada, Paco Rabanne, Zandra Rhodes, Olivier Rousteing (for Balmain), Yves Saint Laurent (for Dior and Yves Saint Laurent), Elsa Schiaparelli, Raf Simons (for Dior and Jil Sander), Viktor Horsting and Rolf Snoeren (for Viktor & Rolf), Jun Takahashi (for Undercover), Gianni Versace, Madeleine Vionnet, Junya Watanabe, Weeks, Vivienne Westwood, and Yohji Yamamoto. 




Morin Blossier (French). Riding jacket, 1902. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Gift of Miss Irene Lewisohn, 1937 (C.I.37.44.3a). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Nicolas Ghesquière (French, born 1971) for Louis Vuitton (French, founded 1854). Ensemble, spring/summer 2018. Courtesy of Collection Louis Vuitton. Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 

The exhibition is organized by Andrew Bolton with support from Amanda Garfinkel, Assistant Curator, and Jan Reeder, Curatorial Consultant. Visual artist and stage designer Es Devlin, known for creating large-scale performative sculptures and environments that fuse light, music, and language, will create the exhibition design with The Met’s Design Department.

Related Content
A publication by Andrew Bolton accompanies the exhibition and is on sale now. It features a new short story by Michael Cunningham, who won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for his novel The Hours. Inspired by Virginia Woolf’s novels Orlando and Mrs. Dalloway, the story recounts a day in the life of a woman that unfolds over 150 years, a timespan understood through changes of clothes and circumstances. Scholar Theodore Martin analyzes theoretical approaches to temporality, underscoring the idea that time is not simply a sequence of historical events. The publication, designed by Joseph Logan and Anamaria Morris, includes new black-and-white photography by Nicholas Alan Cope. It is published by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, distributed by Yale University Press, and available for purchase at The Met Store.

A special feature on the Museum’s website, www.metmuseum.org/AboutTime, provides further information about the exhibition. Follow us on Facebook.com/metmuseum, Instagram.com/metmuseum, and Twitter.com/metmuseum to join the conversation. Use #MetAboutTime, #CostumeInstitute, @MetCostumeInstitute, and #MetGala on Instagram and Twitter. 



Evening dress, ca. 1928. Probably American. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Richard Martin and Harold Koda, 1992 (1992.399a, b). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
John Galliano (British, born Gibraltar, 1960). Dress, spring/summer 1997, edition 2008. Gift of John Galliano, 2012 (2012.122). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 



Elsa Schiaparelli (Italian, 1890–1973). Evening jacket, winter 1938–39. Gift of Mrs. Pauline Potter, 1950 (C.I.50.34.2)Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Yves Saint Laurent (French, born Algeria, 1936–2008). “Broken Mirrors” Ensemble, fall/winter 1978–79 haute couture. Courtesy of Musée Yves Saint Laurent Paris © Yves Saint Laurent. Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope  


Christian Dior (French 1905–1957). “Bar," spring/summer 1947. Gift of Mrs. John Chambers Hughes, 1958 (C.I.58.34.30); skirt, spring/summer 1947, edition 1969. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Christian Dior, 1969 (C.I.69.40)Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope.
Junya Watanabe (Japanese, born 1961). Ensemble, fall/winter 2011–2012. Courtesy of Junya Watanabe Comme des Garçons. Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope. 


Cristóbal Balenciaga (Spanish, 1895–1972). Dress, fall/winter 1958–59 haute couture. Gift of Rosamond Bernier, 1973 (1973.58.1a, b)Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Nicolas Ghesquière (French, born 1971) for Louis Vuitton (French, founded 1854). Dress, spring/summer 2018. Courtesy of Collection Louis VuittonPhoto © Nicholas Alan Cope 


Gabrielle Chanel (French, 1883–1971). Suit, spring/summer 1963 haute couture. Gift of the Brooklyn Museum, 2009, Gift of Jane Holzer, 1977 (2009.300.525a–c). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Karl Lagerfeld (French [born Germany], 1933–2019) for House of Chanel (French, founded 1913). Suit, spring/summer 1994. Courtesy of CHANEL Patrimoine Collection, ParisPhoto  © Nicholas Alan Cope 


Rudi Gernreich (American, born Austria, 1922–1985). Dress, fall/winter 1968–69. Purchase, Funds from various donors, Isabel Shults Fund, and Millia Davenport and Zipporah Fleisher Fund, 2005 (2005.261). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Azzedine Alaïa (French, born Tunisia, 1935–2017). Dress, spring/summer 2003. Courtesy of Alaïa. Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope.



Jean Paul Gaultier (French, born 1952). Dress, fall/winter 1984– 85. Purchase, Friends of The Costume Institute Gifts, 2010 (2010.155a–c). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Charles James (American [born Great Britain], 1906–1978). “Tulip” Evening dress, 1949. Gift of Elizabeth de Cuevas, 2015 (2015.552). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope  


Issey Miyake (Japanese, born 1938). “Flying Saucer” Dress, spring/summer 1994. Courtesy of Issey Miyake. Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope
Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo (Spanish, 1871–1949). “Delphos” Dress, ca. 1930. Promised Gift of Sandy Schreier (L.2018.61.29a–c). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 


Viktor & Rolf (Dutch, founded 1993). Ensemble, spring/summer 2005. Centraal Museum, Utrecht, NetherlandsPhoto © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Madeleine Vionnet (French, 1876–1975). Evening dress, 1939. Gift of Mrs. Harrison Williams, 1952 (C.I.52.24.2a, b)Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 


Iris Van Herpen (Dutch, born 1984). Dress, fall/winter 2012–13 haute couture. Gift of Iris Van Herpen, in honor of Harold Koda, 2016 (2016.185). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope 
Charles James (American [born Great Britain], 1906–1978). Ball Gown, 1951. Gift of the Brooklyn Museum, 2009, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Coulson, 1964 (2009.300.1311). Photo © Nicholas Alan Cope