28 juin 2021

An exceptional ‘guan’-type archaistic hexagonal vase, Seal mark and period of Yongzheng (1723-1735)

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Lot 58. An exceptional ‘guan’-type archaistic hexagonal vase, Seal mark and period of Yongzheng (1723-1735); H. 45.7 cm, 18 inEstimate: 100,000 - 200,000 EUR. Lot sold: 436,000 EUR. Courtesy Sotheby's.

of hexagonal section, the faceted baluster body sitting on a splayed foot and rising to a waisted neck flanked by a pair of tubular handles, applied overall with an attractive greyish-blue glaze suffused with a network of fine crackles, saved for the footrim left unglazed and dressed in a brown wash, the countersunk base inscribed with the six-character seal mark in underglaze-blue.

Provenance:  Acquired from an old French family estate.

Note: A great connoisseur of antique porcelains and with a discerning aesthetic sense for works of art, the Yongzheng Emperor demanded the highest level of craftsmanship in the production of elegant and finely manufactured implements for personal enjoyment. Monochrome vessels required the great skill and precision in every stage of their production, from the purity of the clay and precision of the potting to the evenness of the glaze and control of the firing. The slightest irregularity would result in the rejection and destruction of the piece, thus pushing the craftsmen to the limits of their abilities, particularly in the production of large vessels such as the present. The subtle glaze has been created in imitation of the guan [official] wares of the Song period (960-1279) and reflects the Qing emperors’ penchant for these early wares, which they not only collected but also commissioned the imperial kilns to recreate or imitate as tribute. Even the unglazed foot has been stained with a brown wash to simulate its predecessors.

Yongzheng mark and period vases of this type are extremely rare, possibly due to the sheer difficulty for Jingdezhen craftsmen to successfully fire large vessels in this glaze. Another similar guan-type vase from the Qing court collection and still in Beijing, is illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum. Monochrome Porcelain, Hong Kong, 1999, pl. 204, and another sold in these rooms, 9th October 2007, lot 1534.

Compare also a smaller celadon-glazed hexagonal vase from Yamanaka & Co. sold in our Hong Kong rooms, 8th October 2014, lot 3601, similar to another related vase, this time covered a crackled guan-type glaze, included in the Grand Exhibition of Ancient Chinese and Corean Works of Art, Yamanaka & Co., Osaka, 1934, cat. no. 608.

The production of such vase continues onto the Qianlong reign when their production appear to be more frequent. See a slightly smaller Ru-type hexagonal vase sold in our New York's room 23rd March 2011, lot 736, and two other related examples, the first sold twice in our Hong Kong rooms, the latest on 3rd October 2017, lot 3638 and another sold 8th October 2014, lot 3508, from the collection of Sakamoto Gorō.

Sotheby's. Art d'Asie, Paris, 10 June 2021

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