Sans nom 1

Following two highly successful sales of archaic jades from the Chang Wei-Hwa collection, Christie’s is honored to present part III: The Chang Wei-Hwa Collection of Archaic Jades: The Spring and Autumn & Warring States Periods. This dedicated standalone live auction will be held on 3 December 2021 and it is comprised of 77 lots with dating spanning across the Spring & Autumn and Warring States Periods. The sale has been carefully curated and is arranged by types of carvings, aesthetics and academic importance.

Marco Almeida, Head of Chinese Works of Art Department, Hong Kong comments: “We are privileged this season to continue the third installment of our successful offering of The Chang Wei-Hwa Collections Series of Archaic Jades, one of the most illustrious private archaic jade collections of its kind and our carefully curated sales will be hugely appealing to collectors who seek archaic jades of exceptional quality and rarity.”

HIGHLIGHTS

 - The top lot of the sale A Very Rare And Finely Carved Greyish-White Jade Reticulated ‘Dragon And Phoenix’ Pendant, From Late Warring States Period To Early Western Han Dynasty, Circa 300-141 B.C. (estimate HK$3,800,000 – 5,000,000) , as well as A Very Rare And Important Carved Jade Dragon-Form Pendant, From Late Warring States Period (Estimate HK$2,800,000 – 4,000,000) , will no doubt shed new light and offer insights into the magical form of the Dragon and its power of place for the ruling hierarchies.

2021_HGK_20196_2723_001(a_very_rare_and_finely_carved_greyish-white_jade_reticulated_dragon_an113242)

2021_HGK_20196_2723_000(a_very_rare_and_finely_carved_greyish-white_jade_reticulated_dragon_an113242)

Lot 2723. A very rare and finely carved greyish-white jade reticulated ‘dragon and phoenix’ pendant, Late Warring States period to early Western Han dynasty, circa 300-141 BC; 3 7/8 in. (10 cm.) long, box. Estimate HKD 3,800,000 - HKD 5,000,000 (US$500,000-650,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2021

The pendant is intricately carved and pierced in symmetry as two single-horned coiled dragons with backward-turned heads and tails transforming into phoenix, joined at their backs with incised double-line scroll motifs on their bodies. The semi-translucent stone is of an even pale greyish-white tone. 

263160435_1106287133474638_3199596623783199564_n

line drawing of the present lot

Provenance: Jinhuatang Collection, acquired in Taipei in 1996.

Literature: Teng Shu-p’ing, Collectors’ Exhibition of Archaic Chinese Jades, Taipei, 1999, no. 209.

Exhibited: National Palace Museum, Collectors’ Exhibition of Archaic Chinese Jades, Taipei, 1999, Catalogue, no. 209.

Note: Very few other jade ornaments from this period are as intricately carved as the present pendant, which is further distinguished by its white and even tone, with very little alteration. The dragons depicted on the present pendant have arched eyebrows, leaf-like horns, split-mouths, and arc-shaped jaws, which are similar in style to that found on jade ornaments excavated at the Changfeng, Lingzi and King of Nanyue tomb sites. The present pendant is pierced with a tiny hole on the left and right side for suspension, instead of a hole in the centre, suggesting that it would have been worn as the uppermost ornament in a string of group jade ornaments. compare with a slightly more altered ‘dragon’ jade ring of the same period from the Yangdetang Collection, sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 28 November 2018, lot 2756.

2021_HGK_20196_2713_001(a_very_rare_and_finely_carved_jade_dragon-form_pendant_late_warring_st112949)

Lot 2713. A very rare and important carved jade dragon-form pendant, Late Warring States period, circa 300-221 BC; 3 5⁄8 in. (9.1 cm.) long, box. Estimate HKD 2,800,000 - HKD 4,000,000 (US$370,000-520,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2021

The pendant is carved as a single-horned dragon in profile with an arched s-shaped body and a coiled bi-furcated tail. Both sides are finely incised with ruyi motifs and a various scrolling patterns with some filled with criss-cross design, between raised edges. The semi-translucent stone has a mottled pale greyish and russet tone with a high polish. 

263173600_1106288716807813_1089137869060762491_n

line drawing of the present lot

Provenance: Jinhuatang Collection, acquired in Taipei in 1998.

Literature: Teng Shu-p’ing, Collectors’ Exhibition of Archaic Chinese Jades, Taipei, 1999, no. 177.

Exhibited: National Palace Museum, Collectors’ Exhibition of Archaic Chinese Jades, Taipei, 1999, Catalogue, no. 177.

Note: The present pendant is a rare example of the finest jade carvings from this period. The double-s-shaped body of the dragon shows an unusually strong modulation and a high degree of curvature, imbuing the mythical animal with a sense of movemnet and vivacity. The finely incised pattern on the body of the dragon comprising ruyi-scrolls, comma spirals, triangles, and other shapes filled with criss-cross design, further distinguishing the present pendant from other contemporary examples.

 - During the Spring and Autumn period, the Qin Dynasty inherited the culture from the Zhou Dynasty and, with their regional and ethnic identities, transformed into a distinctive “Qin Culture”. A rare and iconic lot of the period, A Group Of Two Qin-Style Jade Ornaments, From Late Spring And Autumn Period (Estimate HK$120,000 – 180,000), will be offered in this sale.

2021_HGK_20196_2757_000(a_group_of_two_qin-style_jade_ornaments_late_spring_and_autumn_period113659)

Lot 2757. A Group Of Two Qin-Style Jade Ornaments, Late Spring And Autumn Period, Circa 570-476 BC. Larger: 1 9/16 in. (4 cm.) long, box. Estimate HK$120,000 – 180,000 (US$6,000-23,000)© Christie's Images Ltd 2021

The flat jade pendent is carved with three horizontal flanges around the waist, one finely incised with c-scrolls, and the other delicately pierced and incised.

Provenance: The Yangdetang Collection, acquired in Taipei in 1988.

Note: Jades in the form of the character Ya???were popular during the late Western Zhou to early Spring and Autumn period. Compare to jade ornaments of similar form and decoration excavated from Qingong tomb no.1, Nan zhihui Village, Fengxiang County, Shaanxi County, illustrated in Shaanxi chutu dongzhou yuqi, Beijing, 2006, pls. FN69 (fig. 1) , FN72.

Sans nom 1

fig. 1. Jade ornaments excavated from Qingong tomb no.1, Nan zhihui Village, Fengxiang County, Shaanxi County, illustrated in Shaanxi chutu dongzhou yuqi, Beijing, 2006, pls. FN69. Collection of the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum

A Western Han jade pillow (fig. 2) excavated from Chu tomb, Shizishan, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, now in the Xuzhou Museum Collection, has thirty-five jade ornaments of this shape decorated on the surface.

263144081_1106297093473642_833415926581477881_n

fig. 2. Western Han jade pillow excavated from Chu tomb, Shizishan, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, now in the Xuzhou Museum Collection

 - A Jade Square Seal, a key status symbol of nobility in ancient China, from the Warring States period with rich provenance and identified as a seal of Kong Qian, the 7th generation grandson off-spring of Confucius (Estimate HK$400,000 – 600,000), will be presented as the most distinctive piece from this period.

2021_HGK_20196_2760_000(a_jade_square_seal_warring_states_period_circa_475-221_bc100557)

263331557_1106305103472841_4822501383154532408_n

263406737_1106306366806048_3317583186883995028_n

Lot 2760. A Jade Square Seal, Warring States period (475-221 BC). Estimate HK$400,000 – 600,000 (US$52,000-78,000)© Christie's Images Ltd 2021

The seal has a square base and trapezoid top, surmounted by a flat finial pierced with a suspension hole. The base is incised with three-characters name in seal script, Wenxin jun.

Provenance: Lantien Shanfang Collection, acquired in Hong Kong in 1992.

 - An exquisite masterpiece ‘Dragon And Phoenix’ Belt Hook, From Late Warring States Period To Early Western Han Dynasty (Estimate HK$2,500,000 – 4,000,000) is definitely one of the highlights of this sale.

2021_HGK_20196_2770_000(a_pierced_dragon_and_phoenx_belt_hook_late_warring_states_period_to_ea113758)

263303162_1106315443471807_3059412538798150300_n

263263821_1106314436805241_4665570315151986882_n

Lot 2770. A very rare Pierced ‘Dragon And Phoenix’ Belt Hook, Late Warring States Period To Early Western Han Dynasty, Circa 300-141 B.C.; 4 3/8 in. (11 cm.) long, box. Estimate: HK$2,500,000 – 4,000,000 (US$30,000-520,000)© Christie's Images Ltd 2021

The curved open-work shaft is carved with a sinuous phoenix, terminating at an upturned dragon head. A square stud is on the plain reverse.

Provenance: Jinhuatang Collection, acquired in Taipei in 1996.

Literature: Teng Shu-p’ing, Collectors’ Exhibition of Archaic Chinese Jades, Taipei, 1999, no. 183.

Note: The phoenix is a common motif used on Warrings States period jade ornaments, which can be found on jades excavated from tombs in Jin County, Luoyang, and Changfeng, Anhui. The phoenix decorative motif can also be found on ealry Han dynasty jades, such as ones excavated from the Nan Yuewang tomb, Guangzhou.

2021_HGK_20196_2754_001(an_exceptional_and_rare_jade_inset_bronze_ge-halberd_blade_late_spring043735)

2021_HGK_20196_2754_000(an_exceptional_and_rare_jade_inset_bronze_ge-halberd_blade_late_spring113621)

Lot 2754. An Exceptional And Rare Jade Inset Bronze Ge-Halberd Blade, Late Spring And Autumn Period-Early Warring States Period, Circa 570-400 B.C.; 5 5/16 in. (13.5 cm.) long, box. Estimate: HK$1,800,000 – 2,500,000 (US$240,000-320,000)© Christie's Images Ltd 2021

The jade ge carved with two median ridges and bevelled edges, the tang decorated with serpent-like juvenile dragons, hui and the decoration continues to the openwork bronze nei. The bronze haft is delicately cast with a crouching mythical beast lying on top of the phoenix’ head, connected with hilt decorated with taotie mask. 

Provenance: Dexinshuwu Collection, acquired in Taipei in 1997.

263331557_1106285180141500_7967341675292106531_n

Terminology of ge-halberd blade

Note: Jade inset bronze ge-halberd blades were popular during the Shang Dynasty but rarely seen during the Spring and Autumn period. The decorative motifs, such as the hui dragons and the phoenix used on the bronze haft is similar to the bronze moulds excavated from the Eastern Zhou Jin Kingdom site, Niu Village, Xintian County, Houma City, Shanxi Province, illustrated in Houma zhutong yizhi, 1993, Beijing, p. 245, pl.2 and p. 248, pl. 1 (fig. 1).

263550588_1106282883475063_6886883083375471969_n

264042755_1106282990141719_5984491787514429495_n

fig 1. Renderings of moulds for similar fittings excavated at Houma.