Lot 16. Pieter Brueghel The Younger (Brussels 1564-1638 Antwerp), The Tower of Babel, oil on panel, 141 x 176.5 cm. Price realized: USD 2,580,000 (Estimate USD 1,500,000 – USD 2,500,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2022.

NEW YORK, NY.- Christie’s Old Masters sale on 10 June, realized a total of $14,430,900, selling 88% by low estimate, with strong prices for Northern Renaissance and Baroque masters, as well as spirited bidding on sculptures from across centuries. The top lot in the sale was The Tower of Babel by Pieter Brueghel the Younger, an ambitious, monumental picture on panel that shows the strong influence of his father, Pieter Brueghel the Elder. It brought $2,580,000.


Lot 16. Pieter Brueghel The Younger (Brussels 1564-1638 Antwerp), The Tower of Babel, oil on panel, 141 x 176.5 cm. Price realized: USD 2,580,000 (Estimate USD 1,500,000 – USD 2,500,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2022.

Provenance: with Gallery Nicholson, New York, by 1951.
E. Z. Richards; Sotheby's, London, 6 July 1966, where acquired by the following,
with Julius Weitzner, London.
with Hallsborough Gallery, London, by 1969.
Giuseppe Nehmad, Milan, by 1969.
Charles de Pauw (1920-1984), Brussels; (†), Sotheby's, London, 9 April 1986, lot 23, as 'Follower of Peter Bruegel I', where acquired by the present owner.

Literature: C. de Tolnay, 'La Seconde Tour de Babel de Pierre Bruegel l'Ancien,' Annuaire des Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, I, 1938, p. 114.
H. Minkowski, Das Turm zu Babel, Freren, 1960, p. 55, fig. 158.
G. Marlier, Pierre Brueghel le Jeune, Brussels, 1969, pp. 95-97, fig. 39.
K. Demus, Katalog der Gemäldegalerie Wien: Flämische Malerie von van Eyck bis Pieter Bruegel d. Ä, Vienna, 1981, p. 80.
S. Grieten, 'De iconografie van de Toren van Babel bij Pieter Bruegel: traditie, vernieuwing en navolging', Jaarboek van het Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Künsten Antwerpen, 1988, p. 130, fig. 18.
H. Minkowski, Vermutungen über den Turm zu Babel, Freren, 1991, p. 175, no. 214.
P. Roberts-Jones and F. Roberts-Jones, Pierre Bruegel l'Ancien, Paris, 1998, p. 250, fig. 282.
K. Ertz, Pieter Brueghel der Jüngere (1564-1637/38). Die Gemälde mit kritischem Oeuvrekatalog, I, Lingen, 2000, pp. 231, 275-278, and 281, no. E 204.

Exhibited: Taichung, Taiwan Museum of Art, The Golden Age of Flemish Painting, 25 June-30 September 1988.
Brussels, Place Royale, A l'ombre de Babel: L'art du Proche-Orient Ancien dans les collections belges, 3 February-26 March 1995.
Graz, Eggenberg Palace, Der Turmbau zu Babel. Ursprung und Vielfalt von Sprache und Schrift, 5 April-5 October 2003, no. 19.


Other highlights among paintings include :


Lot 8. Clara Peeters (Antwerpt, 1589-1657), Roses, lilies, an iris and other flowers in an earthenware vase, signed and dated 'CLARA P. Ao 1612' (lower left), oil on panel, 65.7 x 50.2 cm. Price realized: USD 1,500,000 (Estimate USD 1,200,000 – USD 1,800,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2022.

Property From The Collections of  J. E. Safra.

Provenance: Emil Glükstadt, Copenhagen; (†), Winkel & Magnussen, 6 June 1924, lot 703, where acquired by the following,
V. Hansen, Denmark, and by descent to,
Mrs. Agnethe Jacobsen, Copenhagen, by 1960, from whom acquired by,
Private collection, Copenhagen, and by whom donated to,
The Christian Help Foundation; their sale, Sotheby's, London, 6 December 1995, lot 60, where acquired by the present owner.

LiteratureP. Gammelbo, Dutch Still-life painting from the 16th to 18th Centuries in Danish collections, Copenhagen, 1960, pp. 30-31, no. 28.
A.S. Harris and L. Nochlin, Women Artists 1550-1950, New York, 1978, p. 132.
M.L. Hairs, The Flemish Flower Painters of the XVIIth Century, Brussels, 1986, p. 352.
P.H. Decoteau, Clara Peeters 1594-c. 1640 and the Development of Still-life painting in Northern Europe, Lingen, 1992, p. 22-30, 179, no. 8, fig. 8.

ExhibitedCopenhagen, Kunstforeningens udstilling af Hollandske og flamske stillben fra 1600-tallet, 1965, no. 67.



Lot 23. Jan van Hemessen (Hemessen c. 1504-1556 Antwerp), The Bagpiper and Marry Wifesigned(?) 'IOÊS DE HEMESSEN PINXIT' (lower right, on the tankard), oil on panel, 45.7 x 60 cm. Price realized: USD 1,134,000 (Estimate USD 1,000,000 – USD 1,500,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2022.

ProvenanceSir Henry Ibbetson, 1st Bt. (1706-1761), Denton Park, Yorkshire, and by descent to his son,
Sir James Ibbetson, 2nd Bt. (1746-1795), Denton Park, Yorkshire, and by descent to his son,
Sir Charles Ibbetson, 4th Bt. (1779-1839), Denton Park, Yorkshire, and by inheritance with Denton Park through his daughter Laura (after 1812-1859) to her husband,
Marmaduke Wyvill, M.P. (1815-1896), Constable Burton, Yorkshire, to where the contents of Denton Park were moved in 1902 after its dispersal.
Anonymous Sale; Hollis & Webb, Leeds, 16 April 1957, lot 259, as 'Q. Matsys', where acquired for £720 by the following,
with Thos. Agnew & Sons, London.

Literature'Notable Works of Art now on the Market', The Burlington Magazine, Supplement, XCIX, no. 57, December 1957, pl. V, as 'Jan van Hemessen'.
B. Wallen, Jan van Hemessen: An Antwerp Painter Between Reform and Counter-Reform, Ann Arbor, 1983, p. 297, under no. 21, as 'probably a workshop replica'. 



Lot 11. Salomon van Ruysdael (Naarden 1600/03-1670 Haarlem), A View of Beverwijksigned and dated ‘S. VRuysdael / 1646’ (‘VR’ linked, lower right), oil on panel, 75.2 x 65.7 cm. Price realized: USD 567,000 (Estimate USD 500,000 – USD 700,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2022.

ProvenanceFrigyes Glück (1858-1931), Budapest, by 1918.
Ferenc Chorin (1879-1964), Budapest, circa 1931, and by whom deposited in 1943 at the following,
Hungarian Commercial Bank of Pest, Co., Budapest, and from which taken in January 1945 (probably) by Soviet troops.
Private collection, Switzerland.
with Edward Speelman, Ltd., London, and by whom sold on 15 September 1982 to the following,
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Restituted to the heirs of Ferenc Chorin in 2021.

LiteratureL. Baldass, ‘Glück Frigyes képgyüjteménye,’ Müvészeti Szemle, I, May-June 1924, pp. 302, 305, illustrated.
‘Principales Acquisitions des Musées en 1982,’ La Chronique des Arts [Supplement to the Gazette des Beaux-Arts], no. 1370, March 1983, p. 34, no. 184, fig. 184.
The One Hundred Seventh Annual Report of the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 1982-3, p. 33, illustrated.
A.R. Murphy, European Paintings in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue, Boston, 1985, p. 257, illustrated.
P.C. Sutton, Masters of 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting, exhibition catalogue, Amsterdam, Boston and Philadelphia, 1987, pp. 470-471, under no. 92, fig. 4.
P.C. Sutton, in Art for Boston: A Decade of Acquisitions under the Directorship of Jan Fontein, Boston, 1987, pp. 140-141, illustrated.
C. White, Ashmolean Museum Oxford: Catalogue of the Collection of Paintings: Dutch, Flemish, and German Paintings before 1900, Oxford, 1999, pp. 138, 207, under no. A 1065, fig. 20.
R. Baer, The Poetry of Everyday Life: Dutch Painting in Boston, exhibition catalogue, Boston, 2002, p. 57.
S. Juhász, ‘Egy Pesti Inyenc Képei,’ Múzeumcafé, LXXI, 2019, p. 232, no. 15.

Exhibited: Budapest, Hall of Exhibitions (Mücsarnok), First Exhibition of Art Works Taken into Public Ownership, 1919.

Two sculptures sold well above their estimates,






 Lot 52. A Group of Four Composite Figures of Ceres, Venus, Apollo, and Mercury in the Manner of Joseph Chinard (French, 1756-1813), French, 19th century. Price realized: USD 604,800, more than eight times its low estimate (USD 70,000 – USD 100,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2022.

Venus, inscribed 'CHINARD 1790' (on the base of the grass); Apollo, inscribed 'CHINARD/1790' (on the trunk of the tree); Ceres, inscribed 'CHINARD 178?' (on the base of the wheat); Mercury, inscribed 'CHINARD/1791' (on the reverse of the trunk)
Venus, 65 in. (165.1 cm.) high; Apollo 65 in. (165.1 cm.) high; Ceres, 66 in. (167.6 cm) high; Mercury, 69 in. (175.3 cm.) high





Lot 4. A Polychrome And Gilt Limestone Figure Of Saint Roch, attributed to Gilbert Betrand (French, circa 1494-1510); 81.2 cm high. Price realised USD 592,200, which made more than 20 times its low estimate (USD 25,000 – USD 40,000). © Christie's Images Ltd 2022.

ProvenanceThe hospice or Hôtel Dieu, Issoudun, by commission.
Acquired directly from the above in 1906.
By descent to the present owner.