Lot 3317. A Ruby-Ground Famille-Rose ‘Floral’ Wall Vase, Seal Mark and Period of Qianlong (1736-1795). H 20.8cm. Sold for HKD 816,000 (Estimate HKD 700,000 - 900,000). © Poly Auction Hong Kong Limited 2022 

Provenance1. Collection of Mr Luigi Anton Laura, Bordigera, Italy, 1978
2. Sotheby's Hong Kong, 4 October 2016, no. 102
3. Collection of the Duchamp family, Paris, France

Note: The back of the vase is flat, with a skewed mouth, the interior glazed in turquoise. The neck and broad shoulders are bunched and the rim of the mouth painted in gilt with a band of blue-coloured dots, beneath a ruyi design, the body covered with a carmine ground and decorated with a floral design in famille rose. The neck is painted with a bat holding a chime, and the two sides of the neck are set with antique scrolling ears. The vase is open in the centre and painted with a floral and butterfly scene, the camellia flowers in a variety of colours, the branches and leaves moving and the vine stems growing delicately, and a lotus flower in bud, accompanied by two colourful butterflies dancing beside it. The vase has a high waist and flared footrim, decorated with a circle of entwined floral motifs and blue-coloured decoration, echoing the mouth of the vase. It is surmounted by a coral-red ground with a gilt-painted three-legged wooden stand. The overall form is exquisitely refined, with gentle curves. The base is covered with an iron-red glaze and painted with a gold dot pattern and a ruyi cloud pattern. The base is covered with an iron-red glaze and is inscribed in gilt seal script, Qianlong nian zhi ('Made during the Qianlong period').

This is a flattened, longitudinally dissected half-vessel with two chi dragons and a flat back, with holes for fastening it to a wall or to the interior of a sedan chair, hence the name wall vase or sedan chair vase. This type of vessel was first seen in the Ming dynasty during the Wanli period and flourished in the Qing dynasty during the Qianlong period. The wall vase is known in the Qing archives as a sedan chair vase, a decorative object hung inside the sedan chair, or on the wall of a studio as a floral arrangement. It was first seen in the Ming dynasty during the Wanli period, and after Tang Ying became a pottery inspector in the second year of the Qianlong reign, he changed the heavy and heavy style of the Ming dynasty to a more delicate one, decorated with ornate motifs, which won the favour of the Qianlong emperor and was used to decorate the palace. The vase was also used as a decoration for the palace on each of his trips, and was used to collect flowers and admire them along the way. The Qianlong wall vase is rich in form, and all of the classic porcelain vase forms seen in the world have been transformed into wall vases, with rich and dense decoration and a structured composition that preserves the essence of classical Chinese art while incorporating Western art, with the floral motifs applied to a regular brocade ground and chased with gold.

It was originally in the collection of Samuel Putnam Avery (1822-1904), an important New York collector, and was given to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in 1879.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

Poly Auction Hong Kong. The Duchange Family Collection of Important Chinese Art II, Hong Kong, 2 December 2021