Lot 3561. A Ruby-Glazed Chrysanthemum Dish, Mark and Period of Yongzheng (17323-1735). D 17.5cm. Sold for HKD 1,860,000 (Estimate HKD 1,200,000 - 1,800,000). © Poly Auction Hong Kong Limited 2022

Provenance: 1. Christie's Hong Kong, 30 May 2005, no. 1484
2. Eskenazi Ltd, London
3. Meiyintang Collection, Switzerland.

ExhibitedThe Essence of Ming and Qing Monochrome Glaze Porcelain Exhibition, Poly Art Museum, Beijing, 2018. 

Published1. Eskenazi, A Dealer's Hand: The Chinese Art World Through the Eyes of Giuseppe Eskenazi, London, 2012, p. 339, plate 406
2. 'Great Simplicity and Simplicity - The Essence of Ming and Qing Monochrome Glaze Porcelain Exhibition', Poly Art Museum, Beijing, 2018, p. 282, no. 108.

Note: This is of chrysanthemum petal form with curved walls and a circular footrim. The interior and exterior of the dish are covered with a carmine violet glaze. The shape of the dish is derived from Song dynasty lacquerware, and is intended to be in the form of an autumn chrysanthemum, the wall of which is in the shape of a blooming chrysanthemum petal, the lines of which are handsome and graceful.

The carmine violet glaze is a new type of pigment-glazed porcelain from the Qing dynasty, famous for its unparalleled fame and reputation for being 'as red as a red haze, blushing like a shy girl'. Invented by the Dutchman Cassias in 1650, it is a low-temperature colour glaze that was first used in porcelain painting in 1680, and only began to be used in Jingdezhen in 1682 (the twenty-first year of the Kangxi reign). The carmine glaze, signed 'Made in the Xinchou year', is an early example from the Kangxi period. It was described in Chen Beng's 'Tao Ya' as 'the most anonymous of the flamboyant. It is even and bright, and almost incomparable. The amethyst is less vivid than the rose, and the rose is less delicate than the rose'. It is named after the gold used as a colouring agent, and the glaze is so delicate and even that the colour is like rouge. It is made on a thin ground with a white glaze on the inside and rouge water on the outside, the red and white reflecting each other in a magnificent manner.

Only one example of this Yongzheng-marked chrysanthemum-petal dish with a carmine violet glaze exists, and only one example is known from the collection of Dr Carl Kempe, no. 1230, Eskenazi Ltd, and was released for comparison at Sotheby's Hong Kong in 2013. An example of a Qianlong rouge-red chrysanthemum-petal dish from the old collection of The Cartwright Collection, London, Sotheby's, 9 November 2011, no. 65, and an example in circulation, Sotheby's, Hong Kong, 8 April 2007, no. 704, can be found in both public and private collections, except for the Yongzheng example, which is extremely rare. The only other example is the extremely rare Yongzheng example.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version).

Poly Auction Hong Kong Limited. A Romance Among Blooming Roses: The Meiyintang Collection of Three Dynasties Imperial Ceramics, Hong Kong, 2 Dec 2021