Pillow, Jin dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow, Jin dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow, Jin dynasty (1115-1234). Stoneware with underglaze incised and slip decoration (Cizhou ware), 17.9 x 28.5 cm. Gift of Charles H. Ludington from the George Crofts Collection, 1923. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1923-21-257.

Pillow, Jin dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow, Jin dynasty (1115-1234). Stoneware with underglaze incised and slip decoration (Cizhou ware), 17.7 × 29.2 × 29.5 cm. Gift of Charles H. Ludington from the George Crofts Collection, 1923. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1923-21-258.

356230656_1499541724149175_7266782800501299112_n

Pillow, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). Glazed stoneware (Cizhou ware), 11.7 x 31.5 cm. Gift of Charles H. Ludington from the George Crofts Collection, 1923. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1923-21-560.

Pillow in the Form of a Reclining Girl, 12th century, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow in the Form of a Reclining Girl, 12th century, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow in the Form of a Reclining Girl, 12th century, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow in the Form of a Reclining Girl, 12th century, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). Stoneware with underglaze slip decoration (Cizhou ware), 12.8 × 34 × 15 cm. Gift of Major General and Mrs. William Crozier, 1944. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1944-20-171a,b.

356195299_1499488800821134_3278669807740132733_n

356420375_1499490420820972_2730154337748234652_n

356176996_1499490490820965_8437526473473509771_n

Pillow, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). Glazed stoneware (Green Jun ware), 12.1 x 24.8 x 19.7 cm. Gift of Major General and Mrs. William Crozier, 1944. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1944-20-97a,b.

This rare Jun ware pillow is covered in a green glaze rather than the usual opaque blue glaze associated with the Jun kiln.

Pillow with Confucian Scholar, Buddhist Monk, and Daoist Priest, 1178, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), Dading Period (1161-89)

356199430_1499580317478649_5016518479979909646_n

Pillow with Confucian Scholar, Buddhist Monk, and Daoist Priest, 1178, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), Dading Period (1161-89). Stoneware with underglaze slip decoration; Cizhou ware, 9.8 × 27.8 × 19.5 cm. Made in Xiawu, Henan Province. Gift of Mrs. Carroll S. Tyson, 1957. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1957-26-1.

This remarkable design is unique among known examples of Cizhou pillows. Even before the tenth century, the great belief systems of Chinese civilization, Confusianism, Buddhism, and Daoism— represented here by these figures playing Chinese chess—were viewed as mutually complementary and inextricably linked to the same goal. The so-called Three Teachings was a popular theme in tenth- to thirteenth-century paintings.

Pillow, Late 12th - early 13th century, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow, Late 12th - early 13th century, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)

Pillow, Late 12th - early 13th century, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). Stoneware with underglaze slip decoration (Cizhou ware), 11.1 x 30.5 x 20 cm. Made in Guantai, Henan Province. Gift of Mrs. Carroll S. Tyson, 1957. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1957-26-4.

Pillow with Floral Design, Jin dynasty (1115-1234)

356246825_1499557074147640_2368952571400588145_n

Pillow with Floral Design, Jin dynasty (1115-1234). Stoneware with sancai (three color) glaze and incised decoration (Cizhou ware), 10.2 x 29.8 x 21 cm. Gift of Mrs. Carroll S. Tyson, 1957. Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1956-26-7.