A very rare guan-type Longquan celadon foliate vase, Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279)

A very rare guan-type Longquan celadon foliate vase, Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279)

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Lot 3138. A very rare guan-type Longquan celadon foliate vase, Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279),  9 ½ in. (24 cm.) high. Estimate HKD 5,000,000 - HKD 8,000,000 (USD 645,628 - USD 1,033,004) © Christie's Images Ltd 2017 

 The vase is pear-shaped with a flaring mouth and a splayed foot, and moulded with eight lobes along the length of its body. It is covered overall with a greyish celadon glaze and suffused with crackles, especially along the moulded ridges. The unglazed foot rim has a dark brown dressing. 

ProvenanceJohn Sparks, London, early 1980s
A Japanese Private Collection, acquired from the above, 8th July, 1983

NoteThe current vase belongs to a group of fine Longquan celadon pieces made in the form and style of Guan ware prototypes, and are most likely to have been commissioned by the court. A few related pieces are recorded, such as the lobed vase excavated in Jinyucun, Sichuan Province, illustrated in The Research of Porcelain of Longquan Kiln, Beijing, 2013, col pl. 8 (fig. 1); and a lobed wall vase excavated in Hangzhou, illustrated in Study of Song Xiuneisi Imperial Kilns Hangzhou, Hangzhou, 2006, p. 148, no. 112 (fig. 2).

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fig. 1

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fig. 2

 

While the Jinyucun example has a lozenge-shaped cross-section, the current vase is more rectangular in form. Its shape is perhaps influenced by earlier Longquan vases with rectangular cross-section, such as the one dated to the Northern Song period illustrated by Zhu Boqian in Celadons from Longquan Kilns, Taipei, 1998, p. 110, no. 71. The so-called ‘Longquan Guan’ wares normally have a dark body, while the current vase has a greyish body applied with a dark dressing to achieve a similar visual effect. Compare a Longquan celadon cong vase (故瓷017700N000000000) in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, which also has similar dressing applied to the body material.

Christie's. The Imperial Sale / Important Chinese Ceramics and Works of Art, 31 May 2017, Convention Hall