Lot 277. A Belle Époque diamond devant-de-corsage brooch, Cartier. Estimate USD 10,000,000 - USD 15,000,000. © Christie's Image Ltd 2019.
Pear brilliant-cut diamond of 34.08 carats, oval brilliant-cut diamond of 23.55 carats, modified marquise brilliant-cut diamond of 6.51 carats, heart modified brilliant-cut diamond of 3.54 carats, Lily-of-the-valley old-cut diamond links, platinum and 18k white gold (French marks), 7 ½ ins., 1912, signed Cartier, accompanied by a later added unsigned double-row Lily-of-the-valley necklace of 15 ½ ins.
GIA, 2013, report no. 2155827220: 34.08 carats, E color, VS1 clarity, Type Ia
GIA, 2013, report no. 2155827320: 23.55 carats, D color, VVS2 clarity, potentially Internally Flawless, Type IIa
GIA, 2013, report no. 2155827783: 6.51 carats, D color, VS1 clarity, Type IIa
GIA, 2013, report no. 5151827771: 3.54 carats, E color, VS2 clarity, Type Ia
Provenance: Solomon Barnato Joel (1865-1931)
Christie's, Geneva, 16 May 1991, lot 327
Christie's, Geneva, 14 May 2014, lot 259
Literature: Cologni and Nussbaum 1995, pp. 100-101
Nadelhoffer 2007, pp. 44-45
Hue-Williams and Sancroft-Baker 2016, p. 29
Exhibited: Victoria and Albert Museum, London 2015, p. 128, no. 74
The Miho Museum, Koka 2016, p. 182, no. 143
Grand Palais, Paris 2017, p. 297, no. 220
The Doge’s Palace, Venice 2017, p. 310, no. 212
The Palace Museum, Beijing 2018, p. 324, no. 216
de Young Legion of Honor, San Francisco 2018, p. 182, no. 125.
Note: This incredible ‘devant-de-corsage’ brooch is an extraordinary example of the magnificence of the Belle Époque. Made-to-order for Solomon Barnato Joel in 1912, who provided Cartier with his four best diamonds, it is an incredible combination of top diamonds, a delicate design, remarkable make and famous provenance.
Solomon Barnato Joel by Bassano Ltd., original owner of Lot 277 © National Portrait Gallery, London.
Born in England in 1865, Solomon Barnato Joel made his fortune in the South African diamond mines within less than ten years. Together with his two brothers Jack and Woolf, Solomon had joined his uncle, Barney Barnato, on the Kimberley diamond fields and they were the first to reach the Rand mines after the discovery of gold. Upon his uncle’s passing in 1897, ‘Solly’, as he was known in the family, succeeded him as a director of Barnato Brothers as well as of De Beers Consolidated Diamonds Mines, for nearly 30 years. His influence on the diamond and gold industry at the beginning of the 20th Century was significant and he retained his fascination with diamonds throughout his long career.
Upon his return to England, ‘Solly’ Joel was described as ‘a sportsman and a lavish host, a patron of the theater, owner of yachts, racing stables, and the Maiden Erleigh stud farm’. Renowned for being a very generous man, he purchased the first motorised ambulance for the Royal Berkshire Hospital and gave the Sol Joel Park, in Earley, to the Corporation of Reading in 1927.
His vast wealth, generosity, passion for diamonds, horse races and theatre built his legend and the present ‘devant-de-corsage’ brooch embodies his love for exceptional jewels.
The brooch is a great example of the subtle and delicate ‘serti muguet’ (Lily-of-the-Valley setting) used by Cartier at the time and mastered by their famous workshop ‘Atelier Henri Picq’. It is unmistakably one of the most stunning jewels of the Belle Époque period.
Christie's. Maharajas & Mughal Magnificence, New York, 19 June 2019