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Lot 30. Willem Claesz. Heda (Haarlem circa 1596 - 1680), A banquet piece with an overturned tazza and oysters, signed and dated on the knife lower right: Heda 1635, , oil on panel, 23 ½ by 31 ½ in.; 59.7 by 80 cm. Estimate 2,500,000 - 3,500,000 USD. Photo Sotheby's.

Provenance: Jean Dollfus, Paris;
His sale, Paris, Galerie Georges Petit, 20-21 May 1912, lot 51, to Schnell;
Acquired from the Dollfus Family by a private Swiss collector;
By whom anonymously sold, New York, Sotheby's, 10 January 1991, lot 66;
There acquired by Richard Green (for $1,430,000);
From whom acquired.
Literature: N.R.A. Vroom, De schilders van het monochrome banketje, Amsterdam 1945, cat. no. 201;
N.R.A. Vroom, A Modest Message, Schiedam 1980, vol. II, p. 77, cat. no. 375 (as dated 1649).
Exhibited: New York, Richard Green, Exhibition of Fine Old Master Paintings, 1991, no. 8;
New York, Richard Green, Selected Fine Old Master and Impressionist Paintings, 1993;
Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art, June 2001 - June 2003, on loan;
Washington, D.C., The Corcoran Museum of Art, June 2003 - July 2005, on loan

ExhibitedNew York, Richard Green, Exhibition of Fine Old Master Paintings, 1991, no. 8;
New York, Richard Green, Selected Fine Old Master and Impressionist Paintings, 1993;
Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art, June 2001 - June 2003, on loan;
Washington, D.C., The Corcoran Museum of Art, June 2003 - July 2005, on loan. 

NoteWillem Claesz. Heda’s still lifes are among the greatest achievements of the Dutch Golden Age, and this magnificently refined example, signed and dated 1635, ranks among the best of his lengthy and successful career. Using a seamless balance of simple and expensive objects in the present painting, Heda captures such enormous richness and complexity that a striking sense of monumentality envelops the scene. His muted palette allowed for a greater attention to be placed on the visual effects of refracted and reflected light, one of Heda’s greatest interests. Here, a golden light shining from the left softly falls over the objects, from the delicate glassware bottle near the left edge, to the variegated edges of the oysters, to the richly patterned surface of the overturned tazza, while the panes of a window reflected in the roemer reveal the ultimate source of this illumination.

Alongside Pieter Claesz., Heda was one of the leading still-life artists in Haarlem, active until well into the third quarter of the seventeenth century. His earliest painting dates from 1621, though it is his output of the mid 1630s that displays his greatest maturity. While Heda took special care in imbuing each scene with a degree of individuality, specific objects reappear in works of comparable dates. For example, the same roemer and overturned tazza appear in two still lifes by Heda in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, one dated 1634 (fig. 1)1 and the other dating 1635 (fig. 2),2 the latter of which also includes similar pewter plates of oysters, the swirl gadrooned glass vessel, and a paper twist of tobacco. In addition, similar objects appear in a comparable still life of 1636 by Heda’s contemporary, Pieter Claesz., today in the Mauritshuis (fig. 3).3

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fig. 1. Willem Claesz. Heda, Still Life with a gilded Beer Tankard, 1634. oil on panel, 44.5 by 62 cm, inv. no. SK-A-137, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.

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fig. 2. Willem Claesz. Heda, Still Life with a Gilt Cup, 1635. oil on panel, 88 by 113 cm, inv. no. SK-A-4830, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.

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fig. 3. Pieter Claesz, Still Life with Tazza1636, oil on panel, 44 by 61 cm, inv. no. 1125, Mauritshuis, The Hague.

Vroom was the first to identify the present painting as once being in the Dollfus collection, alongside another painting by Heda of nearly the same dimensions that was signed and dated 1649. That other painting is now in the collection of the Municipal Museum in Ghent. Though composed in a similar manner, that painting includes a scene in which the bulk of the objects lie on the right half of the composition, with the more spare table edge filling the left edge. It is likely, therefore, that Vroom incorrectly hypothesized that these two paintings were pairs, even though the present panel is signed and dated to over a decade prior.

Sotheby's.Master Paintings & Sculpture Part I. New York, Live Auction: 28 January 2021.