Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), Portrait of the Artist's Daughters, about 1763-64, Worcester Art Museum. © Worcester Art Museum
LONDON - The National Portrait Gallery London is to bring together for the first time all twelve surviving portraits of Thomas Gainsborough’s daughters in a major new exhibition, Gainsborough’s Family Album, opening on 22 November 2018, it was announced today 6 December 2017. The portraits, which trace the development of the Gainsborough girls from playful young children to fashionable adults, include such famous images as The Artist’s Daughters chasing a Butterfly (c.1756) and The Artist’s Daughters with a Cat, (c.1760-1). These will be seen alongside rarely seen paintings, such as the grand double full-length of Mary and Margaret Gainsborough as sumptuously-dressed young women (c.1774).
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), The Painter's Daughters Chasing a Butterfly, c.1756. The National Gallery, London. Henry Vaughan Bequest, 1900. © The National Gallery, London
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), Painter's Daughters with a Cat, c.1760-61. The National Gallery, London. Bought, 1923. © The National Gallery, London.
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), Margaret and Mary Gainsborough, c.1770-74. Private Collection.
Featuring over fifty works from public and private collections across the world, Gainsborough’s Family Album will provide a unique insight into the private life and motivations of one of Britain’s greatest artists. The exhibition will include a number of works that have never been on public display in the UK, including an early portrait of the artist’s father John Gainsborough (c. 1746-8) and a drawing of Thomas and his wife Margaret’s pet dogs, Tristram and Fox.
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), Tristram and Fox, c.1760s. Private Collection.
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), The Artist with his Wife and Daughter, c.1748. The National Gallery, London. Acquired under the acceptance-in-lieu scheme at the wish of Sybil, Marchioness of Cholmondeley, in memory of her brother, Sir Philip Sassoon, 1994. © The National Gallery, London
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), Thomas Gainsborough, c. 1758-1759, National Portrait Gallery, London. Accepted in lieu of tax by HM Government and allocated to the Gallery, 1965. © The National Gallery, London.
Thomas Gainsborough, (1727–88), was one of Britain’s most successful eighteenth-century portraitists, but in his private correspondence he lamented that the need to earn his living from an endless parade of ‘damnd Faces’ prevented him for pursuing his devotion to landscape, the branch of art he most loved. Nonetheless, he still managed to find the time, the energy and the deshire to paint more portraits of his family members than any other artist of his or any earlier period is known to ave produced. These include pictures of himself, his father, his wife, his daughters, two sisters and two brothers, a brother-in-law, two nephews, one niece, and a few more distant connections, not to mention his dogs. The vast majority of these works stayed with the family throughout thepainter’s lifetime, by the end of which he had singlehandedly created an unusually comprehensive visual record of an eighteenth-century British kinship network, with several of its key players shown ore than once, at different stages of their lives.
Gainsborough’s Family Album will chart Gainsborough’s career from youth to maturity, telling the story of an eighteenth-century provincial artist’s rise to metropolitan fame and fortune. However, alongside this runs a more private narrative about the role of portraiture in the promotion of family values, at a time when these were in the process of assuming a recognizably modern form. The exhibition will both offer a new perspective on Gainsborough the portraitist and challenge our thinking about his era and its relationship to our own.
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), Portrait of Margaret Gainsborough, c. 1778, The Samuel Courtauld Trust, The Courtauld Gallery, London.
Dr Nicholas Cullinan, Director, National Portrait Gallery, London, says: ‘We are delighted to be able to bring together so many of Gainsborough’s family portraits for the first time. The exhibition, which is unique in focusing on his paintings made for love, rather than for money, provides an unprecedented opportunity to see the intimate and personal aspect of Gainsborough’s portraits through this remarkable body of works depicting ‘ordinary people’ from a time when portraiture was almost exclusively confined to the rich, the famous and the upper classes’.
Professor David Solkin, Exhibition Curator and Emeritus Professor of the Courtauld Institute of Art says: ‘My hope is that Gainsborough’s Family Album will prompt new ways of thinking about Gainsborough, and about the family albums that so many of us create’.
Gainsborough’s Family Album is curated by Professor David Solkin, with support from Dr Lucy Peltz, Senior Curator, 18th Century Collections and Head of Collections Displays (Tudor to Regency), at the National Portrait Gallery. Professor Solkin is one of the world’s leading authorities on the history of British art. He joined The Courtauld Institute of Art in 1986 and completed his career there as Walter H. Annenberg Professor of the History of Art and Dean and Deputy Director. He has published extensively on eighteenth-century art and culture, is the author of four major books, the latest of which are: Painting out of the Ordinary: Modernity and the Art of Everyday Life in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain (Yale, 2008); and Art in Britain 1660-1815 (2015). He has also curated several important exhibitions including, most recently, Turner and the Masters (2009).
Dr Peltz joined the National Portrait Gallery in 2001 as Curator of 18th Century Collections and has curated several permanent galleries, temporary exhibitions and displays including The Regency in the Weldon Galleries (2003-); Brilliant Women: 18th Century Bluestockings (2008); Thomas Lawrence: Regency Power and Brilliance (2010-11) and Simon Schama’s Face of Britain (2014-15), a project which resulted in a TV series, a -Viking-Penguin book and an exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery.
The exhibition will tour to Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, New Jersey from 23 February – 5 June 2019.
Gainsborough’s Family Album, 22 November 2018 – 3 February 2019 at the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Thomas Gainsborough (1727–1788), The Painter's Two Daughters, ca. 1758, Victoria and Albert Museum. Bequeathed by John Forster. © Victoria and Albert Museum, London.